Occurrence record: MEL:MEL 2405863A

Specimen of Parapholis incurva recorded on 2004-11-17

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection code National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalog number MEL 2405863A
Occurrence ID 0c89da4f-71cc-4b2e-bd9f-2b59d23fd3a7
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Brown, A.J.
Identified date 2004-11-17
Collector Brown, A.J.
Record number 2050
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Associated taxa cohabitatants: Puccinellia stricta, P. perlaxa, Lachnagrostis robusta, Hordeum marinum, Lophopyrum ponticum, Bolboschoenus sp., Gahnia filum, Juncus krausii, Melaleuca halmaturorum, Sarcocornia quinqueflora, Wilsonia rotundiflora, Polypogon monspeliensis.
Occurrence remarks Collected as part of a survey of native grasses on saline discharge sites in the Wimmera for the CRC for Plant-based Management of Dryland Salinity 2001-2008.
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2004-11-17
Identification ID b26fd866-edfb-4176-b4b8-a790b1a031e9

Event

Occurrence date 2004-11-17
Supplied as year:2004  month:11  day:17 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 322
Event ID f311f84f-8942-44ee-86f4-12f91d043497

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Lilianae | Poales | Poaceae | Parapholis
Scientific name Parapholis incurva
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Parapholis
Species Parapholis incurva
Associated taxa cohabitatants: Puccinellia stricta, P. perlaxa, Lachnagrostis robusta, Hordeum marinum, Lophopyrum ponticum, Bolboschoenus sp., Gahnia filum, Juncus krausii, Melaleuca halmaturorum, Sarcocornia quinqueflora, Wilsonia rotundiflora, Polypogon monspeliensis.
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship (L.) C.E.Hubb.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Locality Horsham (RC)
Locality West side of the track through Telfers Swamp (Grass Flat Swamp Flora and Fauna Reserve), 3 km SW of Grass Flat.
Habitat Extremely saline flats - heavily grazed by kangaroos. Moderately alkaline, fine sandy clay loam.
Latitude -36.6760000000
Longitude 141.8340000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system decimal degrees
Verbatim locality West side of the track through Telfers Swamp (Grass Flat Swamp Flora and Fauna Reserve), 3 km SW of Grass Flat.
Minimum elevation in meters 114
Maximum elevation in meters 114
Coordinate precision 0.0010000000
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 50.0
Georeference protocol Google Earth
Georeferenced by Brown, A.J.
Verbatim SRS epsg:4326
Location ID 746816d7-718e-4958-965b-e85ac419d770
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 141.834° E
Verbatim latitude 36.676° S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q33665234
recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q33665234

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Min and max altitude reversed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 37 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Grassflat Swamp F.F.R
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Grassflat Swamp F.F.R
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Grassflat Swamp F.F.R
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Grassflat Swamp F.F.R
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow less than 3 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant Equal 1 and 6
    Land use Modified pastures
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Lowland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Wimmera-Mallee (groundwater)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW4
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Wimmera-Mallee (surface water)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS9
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Wimmera���Mallee (Surface Water)
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys WIMMERA
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones lowland
    NRM Regions 2010 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2014 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2015 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2017 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Wimmera
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Removed by hot burn
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Removed by hot burn
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Wimmera
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Murray Darling Depression
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Wimmera
    IBRA 7 Regions Murray Darling Depression
    IBRA 7 Subregions Wimmera
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Murray-Darling Woodlands And Mallee
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia "Mediterranean" climate, but with drier cooler winters and less growth than Classic "Mediterranean" climate
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions WIMMERA RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Mallee
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk
    Local Government Areas 2011 Horsham (RC)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Horsham Bal
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 HORSHAM RURAL CITY
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngarket, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wamba Wamba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wemba Wemba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Dja Dja Wurung, Latji Latji, Ngarket, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wamba Wamba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wemba Wemba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    National Native Title Register (NNTR, Determinations of Native Title) - boundaries and core attributes Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk Peoples No. 1
    Native Title Determinations (13/7/2020) Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk Peoples No. 1 VCD2005/001
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 3
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 654
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) HORSHAM REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GRAMPIANS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) NORTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) MALLEE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) MALLEE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) WIMMERA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) WIMMERA
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) GRASS FLAT
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LOWAN
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LOWAN
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) HORSHAM RURAL CITY
    Statistical Local Areas Horsham (RC) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Murray Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qty
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Murray Lowlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Wimmera Plain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Croplands
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8099879.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.017627824 t/ha
    Potassium 0.08387029 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8356
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.8644
    Endemism 0.004924092
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0049941894
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 3169.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.0274243 index
    Species Richness 476.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 11.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.4095061
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 38.78 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 30.500834 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 15.61 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.4753987
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.46905828
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 22.800833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 8.6025 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 26.670013 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.52077264
    Aridity index - month max 1.3218391
    Aridity index - month min 0.09783896
    Evaporation - annual mean 123.12571 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 10053.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 245.30106 mm
    Evaporation - month min 34.8 mm
    Evaporation - variability 15.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.18 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 80.88126 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 65.522064 %
    Humidity - month max relative 92.895515 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 80.558495 %
    Humidity - month min relative 50.179646 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 50.179646 %
    Precipitation - annual 451.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 419.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 37.08157 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.5541647
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 151.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 21.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 4.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 57.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.24479
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 38.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.24231727
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 61.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 52.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 13.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 151.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 43.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 20.864166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.7 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.4991665 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 25.5 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 26.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 3.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.3 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.4 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.52 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.24 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.53
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.26 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.3 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 20.5 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.4 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 195.06195 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 457.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 153.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 23.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 71.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 30.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 71.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 56.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 153.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 144.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 259.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 33.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 89.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 134.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 199.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 51.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4338.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 292.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 199.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 89.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.580285 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.02 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 120614.195 m
    Remoteness index 5.0143666
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 69.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 122.0 %
    Runoff - average 0.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.6329114 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.2080915 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 69.66456
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 108.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.27 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 52.0 %
    Bulk density 1.4413846 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.6083828 %
    Clay % 51.22231 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 2.3846154 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.43
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.85
    Nutrient status 1.7 index
    Ph - soil 7.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.3 m
    Soil pedality 3.7
    Water holding capacity 41000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 76.68964
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.89842 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 127.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 40.333332 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 120.0 m
    Elevation 119.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.3251094 degrees
    Topographic relief 2.031113 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.1158416 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2054 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 22.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 10.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 68.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 22.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0128 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.4 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 42.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 3.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.361 NDVI