Occurrence record: MEL:MEL 0223992A

PreservedSpecimen of Sclerochloa dura | hard grass recorded on 1986-10-11

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0223992A
Occurrence ID b05ede76-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Beauglehole, A.C.
Collector Beauglehole, A.C.
Collecting number 85448
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Identification ID c2cb1bfa-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1986-10-11
Supplied as year:1986  month:10  day:11 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 284
Event ID 057eda80-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Lilianae | Poales | Poaceae | Sclerochloa
Scientific name Sclerochloa dura
Taxon rank species
Common name hard grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Sclerochloa
Species Sclerochloa dura
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship (L.) P.Beauv.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Yarriambiack (S)
Locality 8 km ENE of Murtoa Post Office.
Latitude -36.6167000000
Longitude 142.5667000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality 8 km ENE of Murtoa Post Office.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources H28
Georeferenced by National Herbarium of Victoria
Location ID 87235d33-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 142° 34' E
Verbatim latitude 36° 37' S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q16744919
recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q16744919

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 38 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Cropping
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Lowland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Wimmera-Mallee (groundwater)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Wimmera-Mallee: Highlands (GS9)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Wimmera-Mallee: Sedimentary Plain (GS9b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW4
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Wimmera-Mallee (surface water)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS9
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Wimmera���Mallee (Surface Water)
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys WIMMERA
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones lowland
    NRM Regions 2010 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2014 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2015 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2017 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Wimmera
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble mulched
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble mulched
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Wimmera
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Murray Darling Depression
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Wimmera
    IBRA 7 Regions Murray Darling Depression
    IBRA 7 Subregions Wimmera
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Murray-Darling Woodlands And Mallee
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Remote croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia "Mediterranean" climate, but with drier cooler winters and less growth than Classic "Mediterranean" climate
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Grassland: warm (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Grassland
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions WIMMERA RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Mallee
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk
    Local Government Areas 2011 Yarriambiack (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Yarriambiack - South
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 YARRIAMBIACK SHIRE
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngarket, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wamba Wamba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wemba Wemba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Dja Dja Wurung, Latji Latji, Ngarket, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wamba Wamba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wemba Wemba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 3
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 654
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) YARRIAMBIACK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GRAMPIANS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) NORTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) MALLEE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) MALLEE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) WIMMERA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) WIMMERA
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) RUPANYUP
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) SWAN HILL
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (VIC.)
    PSMA Wards (2018) DUNMUNKLE WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Yarriambiack (S) - South
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Murray Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czswp
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Murray Lowlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Wimmera Plain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Annual crops and highly modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Casuarina forests and woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8099879.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.016109 t/ha
    Potassium 0.035714 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.818
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0931
    Endemism 0.0020902427
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.0021311073
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2691
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 379.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.196394 index
    Species Richness 217.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.4161788
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 34.73 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 29.215 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 16.33 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.3926965
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.38741767
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 22.705 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.19 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 26.790009 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.48335892
    Aridity index - month max 1.2280701
    Aridity index - month min 0.09948747
    Evaporation - annual mean 121.8979 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 9879.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 241.23642 mm
    Evaporation - month min 34.2 mm
    Evaporation - variability 14.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.17 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 81.0161 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 65.4013 %
    Humidity - month max relative 94.38921 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 80.51544 %
    Humidity - month min relative 50.57591 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 50.57591 %
    Precipitation - annual 408.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 402.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 34.59851 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.42419416
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 138.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 23.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 4.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 60.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1780318
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.17619646
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 65.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 46.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 12.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 138.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 43.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 20.844166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 14.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.7008333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 25.700012 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.09 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 3.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.2 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.2 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.49 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.26 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.62
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.86 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.4 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 21.0 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 9.2 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 198.7588 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 451.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 141.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 24.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 75.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 27.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 75.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 52.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 146.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 146.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 261.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 35.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 88.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 129.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 205.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 49.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4589.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 296.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 205.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 114.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.050990194 degrees
    Distance - to coast 1.749286 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.44598207 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.050990194 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 136011.45 m
    Remoteness index 4.163729
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 19.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 137.0 %
    Runoff - average 13.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.6 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 67.38656
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 101.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.57 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 50.0 %
    Bulk density 1.3876157 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.3048564 %
    Clay % 56.903027 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 0.12857144 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.41
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.82
    Nutrient status 1.7 index
    Ph - soil 7.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.4 m
    Soil pedality 4.0181494
    Water holding capacity 17000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 72.86205
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.761 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 294.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 9.291667 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 136.0 m
    Elevation 135.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.030655699 degrees
    Topographic relief 1.310089 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.07767274 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1493 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 14.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 13.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 71.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 16.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0097 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 37.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 2.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2678 NDVI