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Occurrence record:

HumanObservation of Eudyptula minor | little penguin recorded on 1981-11-11


Data partner NatureMap
Data resource Western Australian Seabirds
Basis of record Human observation
Record number 387
Behavior Number Breeding:
Individual count 38
License other
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided


Record date 1981-11-11
Supplied as year:1981  month:11  day:11 
Date precision Day
Event remarks Present: all months; Breeding: August - December


Scientific name Eudyptula minor
Taxon rank species
Common name little penguin
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Sphenisciformes
Family Spheniscidae
Genus Eudyptula
Species Eudyptula minor
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship (Forster)


Country Australia
State / Province Western Australia
Locality Esperance (S)
Locality Ram
Latitude -34.0311
Longitude 122.1424
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "GDA94"
Island Ram
Island group Recherche Archipelago
Location remarks Coast strip: Israelite Bay - Butty Head
Coordinate precision Unknown
Location ID 396
Biome Terrestrial

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Habitat incorrect for species Failed
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Country inferred from coordinates Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Show/Hide 13 missing properties
    Show/Hide 45 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Australian Coral Ecoregions Recherche Archipelago
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Recherche Archipelago
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Recherche Archipelago
    Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD) 2010 Recherche Archipelago
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Southwest Australia Rivers & Streams
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Recherche Archipelago IBA
    NRM Regions South Coast
    NRM Regions 2014 South Coast
    NRM Regions 2015 South Coast
    IBRA 7 Regions Esperance Plains
    IBRA 7 Subregions Recherche
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia "Mediterranean" climate, but with drier cooler winters and less growth than Classic "Mediterranean" climate
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 SALT LAKE
    Land Management
    Western Australian Biodiversity Science Research Priority Regions Islands
    FAO Fishery Statistical Areas 57
    Geomorphology of the Australian Margin and adjacent seafloor Shelf
    Global Seagrass Species Richness (2003) 12.00000000
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Leeuwin
    States including coastal waters Western Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Western Australia
    Australian States and Territories Western Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries O'Connor
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Esperance
    Local Government Areas Esperance (S)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) O'CONNOR
    Statistical Local Areas Esperance (S)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Surface Geology of Australia Mgne
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Yilgarn Plateau Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Albany Esperance Sandplain

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.5835
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.2735
    Endemism 0.04481394
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.03387659
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.0
    Occurrence Density 20.098766 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 2.8816767 index
    Species Richness 4.703704 frequency
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.5399677
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.4299215
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.089798346
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 142.38625 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 229.51 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 68.78 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.08 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.35 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 53.158333 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 19.55 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9890897
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.323215 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.865086 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.24501023
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.01095509
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -3.0368874
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 100.07 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -89.22792 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -204.20999 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 29.57 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 26.72 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 17.083334 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 7.58 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 22.575 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.355833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 18.26001 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 8.41 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 17.86 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 1.9300232 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.119995 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 10.879974 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.219162 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.6600037 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.149994 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 9.339996 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 26.67 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 16.63 degrees C
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 697.4375 mm
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 311.375 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 4.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 73.4375 mm
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 56.25 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.018607877
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 80.0625 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 28.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 314.375 mm
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -88.04711 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -228.6771 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.9625 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 9.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 25.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 27.09375 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 7.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 41.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.23125 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 8.6125 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 16.38125 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 18.50625 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 7.2875 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 12.575 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.1625 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 19.95 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.549375 %
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.0374999
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 25.85625 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 20.2125 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 12.7375 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 344.74353 km/day
    Wind run - month max 369.92905 km/day
    Wind run - month min 302.8557 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 6.362396 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 5.332888 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 6.4956107 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 7.204389 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 5.7868323 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 7.204389 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 5.179476 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 4.7912216 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 4.7912216 m/s
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.06403124 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.0 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.3244996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.06403124 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 5353.2666 m
    Marspec Distance to Shore 1.0 km
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    GEOMACS - geometric mean 0.0 Pascals
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Salinity 0.45 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Temperature 3.62 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Salinity 1.4599999 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Temperature 1.9193 10,000 x degrees C
    Marspec Bathymetric Slope 0.0 10 x degrees
    Marspec Concavity 0.006 1000 x degrees
    Marspec East/West Aspect -0.7 radians
    Marspec Maximum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 36.059998 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Salinity 35.809998 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Temperature 17.85 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Minimum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 35.61 100 x psu
    Marspec North/South Aspect 0.71 1 x radians
    Marspec Plan Curvature 0.0 x 10000
    Marspec Profile Curvature -4.9999997E-4 x 10000
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the coldest ice-free month 15.96 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the warmest ice-free month 19.58 100 x degrees C
    Sea Surface Temperature - MODIS Terra 17.853592 Degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.49469405
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.089798346
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 69.66351 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 28.970573 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.0718013 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.16615969 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 44.522465
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 8.081851
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 0.0 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 0.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -317.60614 Gal
    Bulk density 1.3877193 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon store pre-European 61.201942 kgC/ha
    Clay % 7.631579 %
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 12.5 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 0.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 0.0
    Lithology - age range 125.9705 my
    Lithology - fertility 4.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 687.9852 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 1.9428458 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 1.5930053 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 597.0 nT
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.5275
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.95687497
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.99
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.070625
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.106875
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 71.25
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.12
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 5222.7285 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 51.115982 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 77.78752 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 0.0
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 14.302556 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 919.5285 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 9.398556 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.0 m
    Soil pedality 2.0
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 0.0
    Topographic wetness index 2.133864
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water holding capacity 92000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.89506 Weathering Intensity Index
    Averaged Topographic Relief 189.54167 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 75.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.34182915 degrees
    Topographic relief 96.57884 m
    Topographic roughness 64.60181 %
    Topographic slope (%) 11.30534 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2515 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 6.0 %
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0035 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.1 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5314 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 191.08 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 217.96 Day