Occurrence record: eBird Australia - URN:CornellLabOfOrnithology:EBIRD:OBS745522614

HumanObservation of Hirundo (Hirundo) neoxena | Welcome Swallow recorded on 2019-04-27

Dataset

Data resource eBird Australia
Catalog number URN:CornellLabOfOrnithology:EBIRD:OBS745522614
Basis of record Human observation
Observer obsr676031
Individual count 5
License CC0
Sampling effort 120
Sampling protocol Traveling
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Identification verification status 1

Event

Record date 2019-04-27
Sampling protocol Traveling
Date precision Day
Event time 07:45:00
Event ID S55445442

Taxonomy

Scientific name Hirundo (Hirundo) neoxena
Supplied scientific name "Hirundo neoxena"
Taxon rank species
Common name Welcome Swallow
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Passeriformes
Family Hirundinidae
Genus Hirundo
Species Hirundo neoxena
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province New South Wales
Locality Randwick (C)
Locality Centennial Park (Sydney)
Latitude -33.8977058
Longitude 151.2341452
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Coordinate precision Unknown
Georeference verification status 1
Location ID L945869
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU

Additional properties

all species reported 1
effort distance km 6.686
number observers 1
reviewed 0
e bird category species
locality type H
project code EBIRD

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing georeferenced verification status Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 11 missing properties
    Show/Hide 47 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Plantations
    NRM Regions 2010 Sydney Metro
    NRM Regions 2014 Greater Sydney
    NRM Regions 2015 Greater Sydney
    NRM Regions 2017 Greater Sydney
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Greater Sydney
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Pittwater
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Pittwater
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 SYDNEY COAST-GEORGES RIVER
    River Regions SYDNEY COAST-GEORGES RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Wentworth
    Local Government Areas 2011 Randwick (C)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Randwick
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 RANDWICK CITY COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Greater Sydney
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 40
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 2144
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) GREATER SYDNEY
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) CENTENNIAL PARK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) EASTERN SUBURBS - NORTH
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) SYDNEY - EASTERN SUBURBS
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) WENTWORTH
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) WENTWORTH
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) RANDWICK - LA PEROUSE
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) RANDWICK
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) SYDNEY - WOLLONGONG
    PSMA Localities (2018) CENTENNIAL PARK
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Major Cities of Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) MAJOR URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 1 MILLION OR MORE
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) SYDNEY
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) SYDNEY
    Statistical Local Areas Randwick (C)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Sensitive Data Layers
    Phylloxera Infection Zone - Sydney, New South Wales Sydney Phylloxera Zone
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Cumberland Lowland
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Removed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1960032.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 1.0 $/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3738
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 5.2691
    Endemism 0.110886544
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.09258919
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.6148
    Migratory species (2008) 14.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 454.34567 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.6696196 index
    Species Richness 77.83951 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 11.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.81030923
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.564352
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.329452
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 135.90416 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 210.41 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 66.82 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.29 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.58 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.21 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 74.831085 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 77.55766 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 71.27843 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 95.6875 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 51.45 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.5865485
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.6080644 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.3201399 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.3671267
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.70167685
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.36557406
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 133.4 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -40.216667 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -141.09 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 43.449997 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 25.08 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.409166 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.41 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 23.5075 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 14.400833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 19.23999 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 8.44 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 18.09 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.269989 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.6600037 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 10.699982 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.106662 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.9700012 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.8900146 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.6999817 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 27.68 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 19.76 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.94180006
    Aridity index - month max 2.2175105
    Aridity index - month min 0.4154602
    Evaporation - annual mean 128.12827 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - month max 197.78291 mm
    Evaporation - month min 62.682907 mm
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.21 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.59 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.15 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.852104 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 73.98957 %
    Humidity - month max relative 85.147064 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 76.65046 %
    Humidity - month min relative 70.44974 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 70.44974 %
    Precipitation - annual 1122.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1227.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.0015091829
    Precipitation - annual mean 102.86255 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.009738961
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 1.0097548
    Precipitation - autumn 382.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 33.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 269.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 67.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 15.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 228.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.6312804
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.8654539 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.955914 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 24.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.0136752
    Precipitation - spring 240.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.083589956
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.5816585
    Precipitation - spring reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 309.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.0023653754
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.013630487
    Precipitation - summer reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 338.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 139.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 396.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 306.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 23.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -25.265715 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -115.611984 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 76.31709 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 10.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 16.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 25.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 8.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.24996 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 35.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 15.7 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 21.400833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.8 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 12.179167 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.399994 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 19.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 6.41 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 7.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 13.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 16.32 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 8.9 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 15.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.46 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 42.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.1900024 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 2.850006 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 10.429993 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 3.8409748 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.221667 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -0.42673922 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -2.980011 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -3.0799866 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.9400024 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.48 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 34.88093 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.24
    Temperature - warmest month min 17.48 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.6 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.2 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 20.3 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.27969846 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.39703378 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.49245977 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.49245977 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.09860909 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.29160392 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 275.1566 km/day
    Wind run - month max 303.49994 km/day
    Wind run - month min 244.39764 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 5.8598037 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.233333 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.8 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 4.7 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.9 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 5.0 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 3.8 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 3.8 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1299.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 321.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 62.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 237.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 25.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 350.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 149.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 416.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 174.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 189.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 71.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 125.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 89.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 132.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3660.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 260.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 218.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 217.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.03605551 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.68541956 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 3312.177 m
    Remoteness index 0.0
    Hydrology
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Marine
    Sea Surface Temperature - MODIS Terra 19.145899 Degrees C
    Social
    Disadvantaged 1069.559 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.7607026
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.329452
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 91.004845 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 21.999899 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.89994985 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.030496951 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 68.463234
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 29.65068
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 145.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.3 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 5.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 491.0267 Gal
    Bulk density 1.2869289 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic -29.404032 %
    Carbon store pre-European 47.0528 kgC/ha
    Clay % 4.5241117 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.8112293
    Crop factor - month max 0.9
    Crop factor - month min 0.4154602
    Erodibility 31.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 87.5 %
    Erosivity 3385.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 16.666666 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 2.588 my
    Lithology - fertility 2.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 1.294 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 0.11193429 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.41296428 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 57.0 nT
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.82
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.36
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.53
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 24.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.58
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 3815.88 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 32.33177 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 103.0312 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.438071
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 18.8438 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 703.44684 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 5.913292 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 1.438071
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 3.830442
    Unreliable water retention parameters 56.666668
    Water deficit - month max 77.50285 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 14.210425 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 54250.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 67.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.67856616 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 73.010635
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 37.391415
    Water surplus - annual mean 4.15233 mm
    Water surplus - month max 29.902573 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.19064 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 0.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 100.5 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 50.0 m
    Elevation 37.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.7417499
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.5311418 degrees
    Topographic relief 22.99084 m
    Topographic roughness 11.43834 %
    Topographic slope (%) 1.368791 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.5006 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 26.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 74.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.75 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 19.56 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 91.666664 Day