Occurrence record: MEL:MEL 0659683A

PreservedSpecimen of Sclerochloa dura | hard grass recorded on 1969-11-17

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0659683A
Occurrence ID b2fd9596-6373-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Smith, R.V.
Identified date 1969-11
Collector Smith, R.V.
Collecting number 69/99
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 1969-11
Identification ID c40594eb-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1969-11-17
Supplied as year:1969  month:11  day:17 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 321
Event ID 05f3dd26-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Lilianae | Poales | Poaceae | Sclerochloa
Scientific name Sclerochloa dura
Taxon rank species
Common name hard grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Sclerochloa
Species Sclerochloa dura
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship (L.) P.Beauv.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory Victoria
Local government area Yarriambiack (S)
Locality Town of Warracknabeal.
Habitat Growing on hard open ground - side of road - away from bitumen.
Latitude -36.2500000000
Longitude 142.4000000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality Town of Warracknabeal.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference sources C18
Georeferenced by Smith, R.V.
Location ID 87bda253-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 142° 24' E
Verbatim latitude 36° 15' S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21609131
recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q21609131

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Identification date before occurrence date Failed
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced sources Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 37 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Lowland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW3
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) Wimmera-Mallee (groundwater)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Wimmera-Mallee: Highlands (GS9)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Wimmera-Mallee: Sedimentary Plain (GS9b)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW4
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Wimmera-Mallee (surface water)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS9
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Wimmera���Mallee (Surface Water)
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys WIMMERA
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones lowland
    NRM Regions 2010 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2014 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2015 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2017 Wimmera
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Wimmera
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble mulched
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble mulched
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Wimmera
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Murray Darling Depression
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Murray Mallee
    IBRA 7 Regions Murray Darling Depression
    IBRA 7 Subregions Murray Mallee
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Murray-Darling Woodlands And Mallee
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rainfed croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia "Mediterranean" climate, but with drier cooler winters and less growth than Classic "Mediterranean" climate
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Grassland: warm (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Grassland
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions WIMMERA RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Mallee
    Indigenous Land Use Agreements Wotjobaluk, Jaadwa, Jadawadjali, Wergaia and Jupagulk
    Local Government Areas 2011 Yarriambiack (S)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Yarriambiack - South
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 YARRIAMBIACK SHIRE
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngarket, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wamba Wamba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wemba Wemba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Dja Dja Wurung, Latji Latji, Ngarket, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wamba Wamba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Dja Dja Wurrung, Latji Latji, Ngintait, Tati Tati, Wemba Wemba, Watjobaluk, Wergaia
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 3
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 654
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF VIC.
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) YARRIAMBIACK
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GRAMPIANS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) NORTH WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) MALLEE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) MALLEE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) WIMMERA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) WIMMERA
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) VICTORIA EXC. MELBOURNE
    PSMA Localities (2018) WARRACKNABEAL
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) OTHER URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 1,000 TO 4,999
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (VIC.)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) NORTHERN VICTORIA
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) SWAN HILL
    PSMA States (2016) VICTORIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) WARRACKNABEAL
    PSMA Wards (2018) WARRACKNABEAL WARD
    Statistical Local Areas Yarriambiack (S) - South
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Murray Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czsws
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Murray Lowlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Wimmera Plain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Other special rights, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8099879.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8882
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.5937
    Endemism 0.003578587
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.003932247
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 1179.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.7559824 index
    Species Richness 276.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 2.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.35515466
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 37.21 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 27.329166 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 16.16 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.4261308
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.42009923
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 23.485 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.425 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 27.550018 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.41360137
    Aridity index - month max 1.023661
    Aridity index - month min 0.089104906
    Evaporation - annual mean 125.68553 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 9346.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 246.9 mm
    Evaporation - month min 35.167892 mm
    Evaporation - variability 16.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.15 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.02 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.74007 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 63.950275 %
    Humidity - month max relative 93.09277 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 79.30193 %
    Humidity - month min relative 49.078957 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 49.078957 %
    Precipitation - annual 366.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 378.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 31.11009 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.34575683
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 125.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 21.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 4.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 58.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.2093023
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.20689656
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 61.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 39.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 11.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 127.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 42.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.4 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 21.446667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 15.4 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.915 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 26.299988 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.13 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 3.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.5 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.8 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 20.8 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.95 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.65
    Temperature - warmest month min 13.23 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 21.6 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 11.1 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 197.67491 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 405.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 122.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 20.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 68.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 27.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 68.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 48.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 135.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 151.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 270.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 35.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 92.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 136.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 213.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4760.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 305.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 213.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 119.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.042426407 degrees
    Distance - to coast 2.076174 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.042426407 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.10630146 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 182903.77 m
    Remoteness index 3.816336
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 9.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 122.0 %
    Runoff - average 7.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 1.6 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 61.12315
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 44.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.63 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 30.0 %
    Bulk density 1.3876157 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.3729013 %
    Clay % 56.903027 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 0.12857144 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.38
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.76
    Nutrient status 1.7 index
    Ph - soil 7.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.4 m
    Soil pedality 4.0181494
    Water holding capacity 17000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 67.3503
    Weathering Intensity V2 5.35113 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 342.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 13.291667 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 109.0 m
    Elevation 108.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.086645626 degrees
    Topographic relief 0.7860947 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.04287925 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2171 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 26.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 23.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 52.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 25.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0089 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.4 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 41.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3699 NDVI