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Occurrence record: 259

of Carcharodon carcharias | great white shark recorded on 2015-04-16

Dataset

Data resource SharkBase
Occurrence ID 259
Basis of record Not supplied
Sex unknown
Individual count 1
License CC-BY-NC-Int
Country conservation Vulnerable,
Occurrence remarks The shark surfaced about 15 m from me showing full dorsal fin and then cruised in a half circle of me very slowly, for around 30 seconds before a set wave came in which I surfed in prone position to the beach. we watched from the beach for around another 40 mins but saw nothing. The fin was around 12 inches in height sort of a triangle shape with a point, much different rake as to a large dolphin as which I see quite often.
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Record date 2015-04-16
Supplied date "Thu Apr 16 00:00:00 AEST 2015"
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Carcharodon carcharias
Taxon rank species
Common name great white shark
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Chondrichthyes
Order Lamniformes
Family Lamnidae
Genus Carcharodon
Species Carcharodon carcharias
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province New South Wales
Locality Coffs Harbour (C)
Locality Redrock
Latitude -29.9837782
Longitude 153.2280449
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Water body Tasman Sea
Coordinate precision Unknown
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

conditions Calm
dcterms:bibliographic citation Kempster RM and Egeberg CA (2015). SharkBase citizen science global chondrichthyan sighting database. Support Our Sharks Ocean Conservation Society. Version 2015.07. www.shark-base.org (consulted on 29/06/2015)
sighting type Other...
visibility Good

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Habitat incorrect for species Failed
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Country inferred from coordinates Warning
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Show/Hide 14 missing properties
    Show/Hide 50 tests that have not been run

    Outlier information  

    This record has been detected as an outlier using the Reverse Jackknife algorithm for the following layers:

    More information on the data quality work being undertaken by the Atlas is available here:

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    GER Jaliigirr GER Jaliigirr
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    NRM Regions Northern Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 North Coast
    NRM Regions 2015 North Coast
    Biodiversity
    IBRA 6 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Yuraygir
    IBRA 7 Regions NSW North Coast
    IBRA 7 Subregions Yuraygir
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Warmer and wetter end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Subtropical: no dry season
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Subtropical
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 BELLINGER RIVER
    River Regions BELLINGER RIVER
    Marine
    Global Seagrass Species Richness (2003) 2.00000000
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Tweed-Moreton
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Cowper
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Coffs Harbour - Pt B
    Local Government Areas Coffs Harbour (C)
    NSW Local Land Services Regions North Coast
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) PAGE
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    Statistical Local Areas Coffs Harbour (C) - Pt B
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Surface Geology of Australia Qdc
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Clarence Fall
    Vegetation
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 124826.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 11061.0 dse
    Dolomite (acidity) 2.0 t/ha
    Dolomite (physical) 2.0 t/ha
    Gypsum 1.0 t/ha
    Lime 1.0 t/ha
    Natural resource management expenditure 1.4148657E7 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 0.0 $/ha
    Nitrogen 0.115038 t/ha
    Phosphorus 0.021004 t/ha
    Potassium 0.049439 t/ha
    Sheep numbers 338.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.7386
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.5674
    Endemism 0.014896976
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.009829658
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3794
    Migratory species (2008) 17.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 140.61728 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 1.5270526 index
    Species Richness 11.691358 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 14.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.7867533
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.7812115
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.24273007
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 149.39667 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 210.85 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 82.73 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.39 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.59 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.3 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 109.816666 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 32.26 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.43693087
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.4649299 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -2.280785 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.1588955
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -1.28279
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.1528559
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 193.18 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -39.579998 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -114.06 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 76.090004 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.51 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 17.099167 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 10.18 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 25.410833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 15.9675 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 19.140015 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 10.03 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 20.78 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.2600098 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.710022 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.540009 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.4433365 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.4700012 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -3.230011 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.680023 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.17 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 21.18 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.9431145
    Aridity index - month max 1.5831134
    Aridity index - month min 0.39914468
    Evaporation - annual mean 139.55157 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 26078.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 201.60873 mm
    Evaporation - month min 75.8 mm
    Evaporation - variability 11.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.34 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.67 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.25 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 82.591324 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 76.97427 %
    Humidity - month max relative 86.71504 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 81.56901 %
    Humidity - month min relative 72.08359 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 72.08359 %
    Precipitation - annual 1398.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1395.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.04735191
    Precipitation - annual mean 121.21175 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.35571575
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 1.356292
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 205.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 152.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.4855343
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.1852697 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.3470931 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 45.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.7154268
    Precipitation - spring 239.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.1313391
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -1.0551901
    Precipitation - spring reliability 48.0 %
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.096356705
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.71273965
    Precipitation - summer reliability 52.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 481.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 198.24011 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 46.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 533.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 19.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -18.339827 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -89.42667 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 50.12059 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 12.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 16.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 23.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 9.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 22.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.808334 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 10.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 28.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 15.3 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 23.6875 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 19.5 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 13.963333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.200012 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 19.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 8.01 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 8.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 14.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 19.25 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.3 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.3 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 43.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 1.8899841 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 2.6999817 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.410004 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 2.5907319 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.72417 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -2.1294665 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -2.5400085 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -3.289978 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.8200073 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 27.22 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 33.270294 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.17
    Temperature - warmest month min 19.26 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 28.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.6 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 21.5 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.26631504 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.43417075 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.4748137 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.4748137 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.1263076 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.40951908 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 308.23816 km/day
    Wind run - month max 337.45807 km/day
    Wind run - month min 281.38278 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 6.2714934 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.8454714 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 6.0157924 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.8105283 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 5.221056 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.8105283 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 5.5140376 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 4.628075 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 4.628075 m/s
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.022360679 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.0 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.022360679 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 1209.6862 m
    Remoteness index 2.5177681
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1879.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 93.0 %
    Runoff - average 5706.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Age 42.1 years
    Age - prime group 22.4 Count
    Disadvantaged 906.678 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 10.3 %
    Education - vocational training 28.3 %
    Employment 7.7 %
    Home ownership 72.4 %
    Income - high 21.2 %
    Income - low 18.1 %
    Internet 55.5 %
    Population - change 5.2 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 17.9 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 5.3 %
    Work force - older 30.2 Count
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.75863767
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.44662482
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 63.736694 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 21.626915 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.8210233 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 68.27739
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 40.19623
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 1.8445257 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 22.134308 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 495.058 Gal
    Bulk density 1.3920548 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic -36.40975 %
    Carbon store pre-European 79.6001 kgC/ha
    Clay % 5.767123 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.8296725
    Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    Crop factor - month min 0.5303879
    Erodibility 30.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 0.0 %
    Erosivity 4611.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 300.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 2.588 my
    Lithology - fertility 2.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 1.294 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 0.11193429 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.41296428 log my
    Magnetic anomalies -54.0 nT
    Moisture - average 57.0 %
    Moisture - variability 12.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.81
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.98
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.45
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.52
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 26.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.75
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 6181.605 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 48.98032 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 66.93445 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.9280822
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 12.31624 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 885.183 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 9.012601 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 1.9280822
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 1.0
    Topographic wetness index 10.59209
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water deficit - month max 57.957336 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 11.742818 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 67500.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 160.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.6170028 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 74.670525
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 47.73491
    Water surplus - annual mean 9.011887 mm
    Water surplus - month max 51.78 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 5.74513 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 165.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 76.708336 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 0.0 m
    Elevation 2.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.5056465
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.5184598 degrees
    Topographic relief 3.226897 m
    Topographic roughness 70.42256 %
    Topographic slope (%) 0.2231208 %
    Valley bottom % 93.75 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 3.986098
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2722 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 12.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 10.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 42.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 48.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0057 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.2 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 75.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 20.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4405 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 113.457146 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 109.34286 Day