Occurrence record: NSW:NSW 1054797

PreservedSpecimen of Eragrostis tenuifolia | Elastic Grass recorded on 2008-03-25

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection code National Herbarium of New South Wales
Catalog number NSW 1054797
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW 1054797
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Coveny, R.G.
Identified date 2008-05-13
Collector Goldsmith, H.J.
Record number 2
Reproductive condition fertile
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Establishment means introduced
Occurrence remarks Common tufted grass 60 cm high. Spikelets green/brown.
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Collection code NSW
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2008-05-13

Event

Collecting date 2008-03-25
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Eragrostis tenuifolia
Supplied scientific name "Eragrostis tenuifolia (Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud."
Taxon rank species
Common name Elastic Grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Eragrostis
Species Eragrostis tenuifolia
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Canonical name match
The supplied name was parsed into canonical form before a match was found.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship (Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud.

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province New South Wales
Locality Canada Bay (A)
Locality Yaralla House, Dame Eadith Walker Hospital, Concord West, enter via the private road of Nullawarra Avenue.
Habitat Sydney Turpentine Ironbark forest. Variable soils overlying Wianamatta shale. Grassland, shrubby and open forest areas, dominated by Eucalyptus paniculata, Syncarpia glomulifera, Angophora floribunda with shrub layer of Bursaria spinosa, Kunzea ambigua, Melaleuca nodosa. Dense ground layer of Microlaena stipoides, Cheilanthes sieberi and many other native grasses and herbs. The site is highly disturbed, soil compaction, erosion and weed invasion.
Latitude -33.8411311000
Longitude 151.1003440000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Yaralla House, Dame Eadith Walker Hospital, Concord West, enter via the private road of Nullawarra Avenue.
Coordinate precision Unknown
Verbatim coordinates 33,50,28,S,151,06,01,E,
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

Type PhysicalObject

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 10 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions 2010 Sydney Metro
    NRM Regions 2014 Greater Sydney
    NRM Regions 2015 Greater Sydney
    NRM Regions 2017 Greater Sydney
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Greater Sydney
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Pittwater
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Pittwater
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 SYDNEY COAST-GEORGES RIVER
    River Regions SYDNEY COAST-GEORGES RIVER
    Marine
    Global Seagrass Species Richness (2003) 5.00000000
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Reid
    Local Government Areas 2011 Canada Bay (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Canada Bay - Concord
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 CITY OF CANADA BAY COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Greater Sydney
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 20
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 953
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) GREATER SYDNEY
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) CONCORD WEST - NORTH STRATHFIELD
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) CANADA BAY
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) SYDNEY - INNER WEST
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) REID
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) REID
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SYDNEY - INNER WEST
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) CANADA BAY
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) SYDNEY - WOLLONGONG
    PSMA Localities (2018) CONCORD WEST
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Major Cities of Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) MAJOR URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 1 MILLION OR MORE
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) SYDNEY
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) SYDNEY
    Statistical Local Areas Canada Bay (A) - Concord
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Sensitive Data Layers
    Phylloxera Infection Zone - Sydney, New South Wales Sydney Phylloxera Zone
    Substrate
    Surface Geology of Australia -Rsw
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Cumberland Lowland
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Other native forest
    Land cover Built-up
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Inland aquatic - freshwater, salt lakes, lagoons
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Freshwater, dams, lakes, lagoons or aquatic plants
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Removed
    Vegetation types - native unknown/no data
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 1960032.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 1.0 $/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3738
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 5.2691
    Endemism 0.040259678
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.042230383
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.6148
    Migratory species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 403.0247 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.918319 index
    Species Richness 19.419754 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 7.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.67028415
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.2334608
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.3013331
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 134.75291 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 208.54 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 65.45 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.26 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.5 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.19 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 71.75728 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 75.64822 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 68.578636 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 80.685 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 40.92 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.62190324
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.5561291 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.1548711 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.6385684
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.6047804
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.63502806
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 119.99 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -54.067917 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -145.7 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 15.280006 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 25.45 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.766666 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.62 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 24.2875 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 13.859167 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 21.48999 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 7.45 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 18.47 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.460022 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.9099731 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 12.089996 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.428337 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -3.1200256 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -3.0599976 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 9.040009 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 28.94 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 19.51 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.7824659
    Aridity index - month max 1.7538289
    Aridity index - month min 0.3877078
    Evaporation - annual mean 127.001465 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 19879.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 196.02391 mm
    Evaporation - month min 61.622684 mm
    Evaporation - variability 12.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.2 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.54 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.14 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.72665 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 70.97131 %
    Humidity - month max relative 86.049706 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 74.93295 %
    Humidity - month min relative 67.798744 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 67.798744 %
    Precipitation - annual 928.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1031.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.020599918
    Precipitation - annual mean 86.66343 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.13599847
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 1.1362778
    Precipitation - autumn 308.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 33.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 213.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 12.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 178.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.66174376
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.7419355 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.5380054 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 27.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.1848152
    Precipitation - spring 204.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.0770485
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.50870144
    Precipitation - spring reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 282.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.030845523
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.18404216
    Precipitation - summer reliability 39.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 308.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 120.075645 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 30.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 346.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 232.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 23.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -40.33803 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -120.02391 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 46.45296 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 10.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 14.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 25.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 8.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.626057 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 8.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 34.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 22.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 18.5 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 22.188334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.9 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 11.806666 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 21.700012 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 21.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 5.66 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 6.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 12.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 16.71 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.2 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 14.0 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 43.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.3099976 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 3.019989 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.720001 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 2.8859732 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.381665 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -1.3560193 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -3.1700134 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -3.2299805 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 9.100006 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 26.65 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 36.530083 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.34
    Temperature - warmest month min 17.37 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 27.8 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.7 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 21.8 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.3123718 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.4408028 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.5775027 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.5775027 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.08436239 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.30526364 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 207.32034 km/day
    Wind run - month max 239.8036 km/day
    Wind run - month min 166.4593 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 4.6406183 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 2.9657574 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 4.4981813 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 5.4981813 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 3.4981813 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 5.4981813 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 3.3993938 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 2.4993937 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 2.4993937 m/s
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.08246211 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.1208305 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.08246211 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 10407.466 m
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1351.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 106.0 %
    Runoff - average 4000.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Disadvantaged 1645.0034 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.6618666
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.3013331
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 119.56648 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 38.678825 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.1997381 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.14689301 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 59.567993
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 27.119978
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 110.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.4 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 26.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 247.7681 Gal
    Bulk density 1.5042307 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 1.0699371 %
    Carbon store pre-European 112.3682 kgC/ha
    Clay % 45.016483 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.7410357
    Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    Crop factor - month min 0.3877078
    Erodibility 59.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 0.0 %
    Erosivity 3036.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 40.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 8.0 my
    Lithology - fertility 3.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 241.0 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.3820171 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.90309 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 35.0 nT
    Moisture - average 52.0 %
    Moisture - variability 10.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.74
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.97
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.98
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.97
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.32
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.47
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 27.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.53
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 9358.74 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 48.60999 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 92.66984 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.55 index
    Pedality hydrological score 3.606868
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 17.05446 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 1151.4064 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 8.945923 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 3.606868
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 1.0
    Topographic wetness index 5.691125
    Unreliable water retention parameters 33.333332
    Water deficit - month max 100.166046 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 27.795404 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 95.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.95812774 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 66.693214
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 34.8937
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.17881076 mm
    Water surplus - month max 1.7770767 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.19111 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 217.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 84.958336 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 19.0 m
    Elevation 15.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 1.653744
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.63311994 degrees
    Topographic relief 9.939182 m
    Topographic roughness 13.16809 %
    Topographic slope (%) 0.5096784 %
    Valley bottom % 81.25 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 3.952328
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4511 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 9.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 58.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 33.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NDVI Mean 35.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7468 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 23.222221 Day