Occurrence record: MEL:MEL 2524369A

Preserved specimen of Cenchrus ciliaris L. | Buffel Grass recorded on 2019-01-22
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Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource National Herbarium of Victoria (MEL) AVH data
Institution code Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalog number MEL 2524369A
Occurrence ID d907b251-9417-4324-a816-5d0a7c633b0a
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Preparations Sheet
Collector Allen, G.G.  
Supplied as "Allen, G.G."
Record number s.n.
Reproductive condition fruit
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rights holder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as present
Occurrence remarks Stand dense on NE roadside, occasional on SW roadside.
Identification ID c27c94e3-35a5-4471-86de-9d3cabe801ac

Event

Event ID 9f9bbaf5-0741-455f-9594-6a22f38a82fc
Occurrence date 2019-01-22
Supplied as year:2019  month:1  day:22 
Date precision DAY
Start day of year 22

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Lilianae | Poales | Poaceae | Cenchrus
Scientific name Cenchrus ciliaris
Identified to rank species
Common name Buffel Grass
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Poales
Family Poaceae
Genus Cenchrus
Species Cenchrus ciliaris
Name match metric exactMatch
Scientific name authorship L.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Locality In NSW, 3 km NE of Mildura, Victoria. NE and SW roadside of River Road, Buronga, 150 m - 250 m NW of its junction with the Silver City Highway.
Habitat
Supplied as "Largely cleared Blackbox Woodland ecotonal boundary dominated by Eucalyptus largiflorens, Acacia victoriae and Rhagodia spinescens. Sandy loam."
Latitude -34.1625
Supplied as: "-34.1625000000"
Longitude 142.172222
Supplied as: "142.1722222222"
Datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim locality In NSW, 3 km NE of Mildura, Victoria. NE and SW roadside of River Road, Buronga, 150 m - 250 m NW of its junction with the Silver City Highway.
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty (in metres) 1000.0
Terrestrial true
Verbatim latitude 34° 9' 45" S
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Continent OCEANIA
Supplied as Oceania
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim longitude 142° 10' 20" E
Location ID b84a0a98-066c-419b-9b1f-f108d0799532

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Coordinate rounded Warning
    First of the year Warning
    Taxon misapplied matched Warning
    Show/Hide 89 passed properties
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Water
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Lower
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW6
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) NSW Murray���Darling Basin Fractured Rock
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Western Porous Rock (GS50)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Western Porous Rock (GS50)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW8
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) New South Wales Murray and Lower Darling
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS18
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Lower Darling
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys CENTRAL MURRAY
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones lower
    NRM Regions 2010 Lower Murray Darling
    NRM Regions 2014 Western
    NRM Regions 2015 Western
    NRM Regions 2017 Western
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Western
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) Other cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Western
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Riverina
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Robinvale Plains
    IBRA 7 Regions Riverina
    IBRA 7 Subregions Robinvale Plains
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Savanna
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Populated croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Semi-arid climate that is too dry to support field crops. Soil moisture tends to be greatest in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Grassland: warm (persistently dry)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Grassland
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions UPPER MALLEE
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Western Bassian
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Farrer
    Local Government Areas 2011 Wentworth (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Wentworth
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 WENTWORTH SHIRE COUNCIL
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Barkindji, Maraura, Muthi Muthi, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wamba Wamba, Weki Weki
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Barkandji, Barapa Barapa, Bigambul, Budjiti, Euahlayi, Githabul, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Guwamu (Kooma), Kambuwal, Kunja, Kwiambul, Maljangapa, Maraura, Murrawarri, Mutthi Mutthi, Nari Nari, Ngarabal, Ngemba, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wail
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Bangerang, Barkindji, Barapa Barapa, Maljangapa, Maraura, Muthi Muthi, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wamba Wamba, Weki Weki, Wiradjuri
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Barkindji, Barapa Barapa, Maljangapa, Maraura, Mutthi Mutthi, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wemba Wemba, Weki Weki, Wiradjuri, Yorta Yorta
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Western
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 41
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 860
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) WENTWORTH - BURONGA
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LOWER MURRAY
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) MURRAY
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) FARRER
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) FARRER
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) BALRANALD - WENTWORTH
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) BALRANALD - WENTWORTH - SURROUNDS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) RIVERINA - ORANGE
    PSMA Localities (2018) BURONGA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) MILDURA - WENTWORTH
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) MURRAY-DARLING
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Wentworth (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Sensitive Data Layers
    Fruit Fly Exclusion Zone - Tri State FFEZ
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Murray Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Murray Lowlands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Mallee Dunefield
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Other native forest
    Forests of Australia 2018B Non forest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Urban and built-up
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Chenopod Shrublands, Samphire Shrublands and Forblands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Saltbush and/or Bluebush shrublands
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Leasehold
    Vegetation - condition Modified
    Vegetation types - native Chenopod shrubs,samphire shrublands and forblands
    Vegetation types - present Unknown/no data

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 5312742.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.014412538 t/ha
    Potassium 0.061968204 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.9406
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.0021
    Endemism 0.013691282
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.014509994
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 28311.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.469817 index
    Species Richness 1489.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 6.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.15744472
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 57.57 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 20.181667 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 10.83 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.4129727
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.40474287
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 25.696667 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 11.420834 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 28.929993 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.21794228
    Aridity index - month max 0.48800582
    Aridity index - month min 0.0688871
    Evaporation - annual mean 157.82178 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 6547.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 290.3301 mm
    Evaporation - month min 50.247875 mm
    Evaporation - variability 24.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.11 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 75.026085 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 58.675034 %
    Humidity - month max relative 91.10277 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 74.24765 %
    Humidity - month min relative 45.630253 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 45.630253 %
    Precipitation - annual 279.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 278.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 23.543438 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.092068054
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 77.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 2.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 49.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.203125
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 22.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.2
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 63.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 30.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 84.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 38.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 26.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 23.771667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.4 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 9.619166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 28.0 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 29.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 3.75 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 10.8 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 14.1 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 20.4 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 31.97 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.8
    Temperature - warmest month min 15.61 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 33.3 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 24.1 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 13.6 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 225.98706 km/day
    WorldClim 2.1: Temperature - annual mean 8.35 °C
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 294.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 77.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 20.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 60.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 14.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 65.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 31.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 88.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 171.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 286.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 41.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 105.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 137.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 208.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5147.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 327.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 237.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 141.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 3.24803 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.084852815 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 243244.9 m
    Remoteness index 2.6052418
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 3.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 234.0 %
    Runoff - average 5.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) -6.216454 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 32.516933
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 66.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.4 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 30.0 %
    Bulk density 1.4325069 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.1751244 %
    Clay % 48.81426 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 2.3846154 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.21
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.4
    Nutrient status 1.85 index
    Ph - soil 7.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.2 m
    Soil pedality 3.7546608
    Water holding capacity 28000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 44.217197
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.49109 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 178.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 33.208332 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 36.0 m
    Elevation 38.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.12318301 degrees
    Topographic relief 10.67754 m
    Topographic slope (%) 0.7017304 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1879 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 39.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 30.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 42.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 27.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0158 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.9 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 36.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 5.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4068 NDVI