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Occurrence record: MEL:MEL 2447605A

Specimen of Withania somnifera recorded on 2013-02-01

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection code National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalog number MEL 2447605A
Occurrence ID d08a7319-53b7-4a91-b422-147311aab736
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Brodie, C.J.
Identified date 2013-02-02
Collector Moise, D.
Record number 1
Reproductive condition fruit | buds
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Occurrence remarks Scattered but widespread. Most commonly under trees and along fences. Seem to be dispered by birds.
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2013-02-02
Identification ID 52839c73-437d-4550-b909-e38c756934b8

Event

Occurrence date 2013-02-01
Supplied as year:2013  month:2  day:1 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 32
Event ID 2780599e-1709-4594-85aa-f9971a6df592

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Asteranae | Solanales | Solanaceae | Withania
Scientific name Withania somnifera
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Solanales
Family Solanaceae
Genus Withania
Species Withania somnifera
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship (L.) Dunal
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory South Australia
Locality Barossa (DC)
Locality Para Woodlands.
Habitat Grassland (former agricultural farm, used for grazing and cropping).
Latitude -34.6288888889
Longitude 138.7805555556
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees minutes decimal seconds
Verbatim locality Para Woodlands.
Coordinate precision 0.0002777778
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 50.0
Georeferenced by Moise, D.
Location ID 1f1abb7a-83f6-4c9c-91e6-5dacac133d21
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 138° 46' 50" E
Verbatim latitude 34° 37' 44" S

Additional properties

User flagged issues 

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    First of the month Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the year Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 6 missing properties
    Show/Hide 37 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southern Australia Mallee and Woodlands
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2014 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2015 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2017 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Adelaide and Mount Lofty Ranges
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Mount Lofty Ranges
    IBRA 7 Regions Flinders Lofty Block
    IBRA 7 Subregions Mount Lofty Ranges
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Tirari-Sturt Stony Desert
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rainfed croplands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia "Mediterranean" climate, but with drier cooler winters and less growth than Classic "Mediterranean" climate
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: distinctly dry (and hot) summer
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South Australian Gulf
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 GAWLER RIVER
    River Regions GAWLER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World South Australian Gulfs
    States including coastal waters South Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Australian States and Territories South Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Wakefield
    Local Government Areas 2011 Barossa (DC)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Barossa - Barossa
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 THE BAROSSA COUNCIL
    Native Title Determinations (13/7/2020) Kaurna Peoples Native Title Claim SCD2018/001
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 8
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 573
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) GREATER ADELAIDE
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) GAWLER - SOUTH
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) GAWLER - TWO WELLS
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) ADELAIDE - NORTH
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) WAKEFIELD
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) SPENCE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) BAROSSA
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) BAROSSA
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) ADELAIDE
    PSMA Localities (2018) BAROSSA
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Major Cities of Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) ADELAIDE
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) SOUTH AUSTRALIA
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (SA)
    Statistical Local Areas Barossa (DC) - Barossa
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Adelaide Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Nsb
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Gulfs Ranges Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Flinders-Lofty Ranges
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Croplands
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 7775071.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.017832026 t/ha
    Potassium 515.24304 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.7548
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.1378
    Endemism 0.016287515
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.018096356
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.5124
    Migratory species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 40491.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.3209076 index
    Species Richness 1749.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.42368758
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 52.06 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 38.123333 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 12.96 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.356744
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.3531598
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 23.2625 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 11.0725 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 24.98999 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.5383006
    Aridity index - month max 1.3397793
    Aridity index - month min 0.08106702
    Evaporation - annual mean 138.30995 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 10696.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 259.04492 mm
    Evaporation - month min 46.060394 mm
    Evaporation - variability 11.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.04 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.24 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 75.83725 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 64.846855 %
    Humidity - month max relative 90.19957 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 78.68045 %
    Humidity - month min relative 51.40821 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 51.40821 %
    Precipitation - annual 447.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 520.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 43.88227 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -1.0903506
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 207.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 20.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 3.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1127198
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 47.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.111818515
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 56.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 68.6853 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 18.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 207.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 41.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 25.9 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 21.434166 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 16.2 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 9.845833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 23.234802 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 25.2 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 5.37 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 5.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 10.7 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 12.0 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.48 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 28.94 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.54
    Temperature - warmest month min 14.8 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.7 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 10.7 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 218.2539 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 505.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 191.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 16.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 55.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 44.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 56.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 66.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 191.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 159.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 237.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 57.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 105.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 118.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 214.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 49.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4328.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 294.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 215.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 105.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.2817801 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 24712.389 m
    Remoteness index 0.11
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 357.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 102.0 %
    Runoff - average 34.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 735.30634 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 72.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.35 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 26.0 %
    Bulk density 1.2677184 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.2327574 %
    Clay % 33.305824 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 100.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.47
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.92
    Nutrient status 2.0 index
    Ph - soil 8.0 ph
    Soil depth 0.6 m
    Soil pedality 3.4626215
    Water holding capacity 21250.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Weathering Intensity V2 1.3648 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 290.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 177.08333 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 121.0 m
    Elevation 96.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 5.8971496 degrees
    Topographic relief 45.19978 m
    Topographic slope (%) 3.740744 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.1976 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 28.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 71.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 29.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.01 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.5 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 49.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3402 NDVI