Occurrence record: MEL:MEL 0647295A

PreservedSpecimen of Opuntia humifusa recorded on 1982-11-12

Dataset

Data provider Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria
Supplied institution code "MEL"
Collection National Herbarium of Victoria
Supplied collection code "MEL"
Catalogue Number MEL 0647295A
Occurrence ID 2f77b412-6374-11e1-bc2b-000c2907ead9
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations Sheet
Identified by Stajsic, V.
Identified date 2003-11-28
Collector Telford, I.R.
Collecting number 8882
Reproductive condition flowers
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Rightsholder Royal Botanic Gardens Board
Occurrence remarks Frequent.
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2003-11-28
Identification ID 194ee207-1abd-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Event

Collecting date 1982-11-12
Supplied as year:1982  month:11  day:12 
Date precision Day
Start day of year 316
Event ID 58acf578-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da

Taxonomy

Higher classification Plantae | Viridaeplantae | Streptophyta | Equisetopsida | Magnoliidae | Caryophyllanae | Caryophyllales | Cactaceae | Opuntia
Scientific name Opuntia humifusa
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Streptophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Order Caryophyllales
Family Cactaceae
Genus Opuntia
Species Opuntia humifusa
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Scientific name authorship (Raf.) Raf.
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Higher geography Oceania | Australia
Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Local government area Singleton (A)
Locality 4 km from Singleton along New England Highway towards Muswellbrook.
Habitat Low hills. Loam. Open Eucalyptus forest with E. maculata and ironbarks with grassy understorey.
Latitude -32.5500000000
Longitude 151.1333000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "epsg:4326"
Verbatim coordinate system degrees decimal minutes
Verbatim locality 4 km from Singleton along New England Highway towards Muswellbrook.
Coordinate precision 0.0166666667
Coordinate uncertainty in metres 10000.0
Georeference protocol Unknown
Georeferenced by Telford, I.R.
Location ID ac510889-1abc-11e3-90a2-6c626d51f2da
Continent Oceania
Biome Terrestrial
Country code AU
Verbatim longitude 151° 8' E
Verbatim latitude 32° 33' S

Additional properties

identified by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q26714177
recorded by id http://www.wikidata.org/entity/Q19521871

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Missing coordinate precision Passed
    Precision / range mismatch Passed
    Coordinate precision not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Missing name of person who georeferenced the occurrence Passed
    Missing georeferenced protocol Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 5 missing properties
    Show/Hide 38 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow greater than 9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Equal 3-9 and greater than 9 months
    GER Hunter Valley GER Hunter Valley
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Modified pastures
    NRM Regions 2010 Hunter-Central Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2015 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 Hunter
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Hunter
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) Other cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) Other cultivation
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Hunter
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Hunter
    IBRA 7 Regions Sydney Basin
    IBRA 7 Subregions Hunter
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential rangelands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: moderately dry winter (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (NSW)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 HUNTER RIVER
    River Regions HUNTER RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Hunter
    Local Government Areas 2011 Singleton (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Singleton
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 SINGLETON COUNCIL
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Hunter
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 14
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 1302
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) SINGLETON REGION
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) LOWER HUNTER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) HUNTER VALLEY EXC NEWCASTLE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) HUNTER
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) HUNTER
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) SINGLETON
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) SINGLETON
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) NSW CENTRAL AND NORTH COAST
    PSMA Localities (2018) MAISON DIEU
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Inner Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Singleton (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Sydney Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Psws
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Hunter Valley
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Native grasslands and minimally modified pastures
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Transformed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt woodlands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 8673855.0 $
    Area management
    Phosphorus 0.018088 t/ha
    Potassium 0.086121 t/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.0453
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.8045
    Endemism 0.008047814
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.008570167
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4792
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 8655.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.656856 index
    Species Richness 1037.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 1.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 3.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.4481983
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 55.42 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 53.879997 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 26.64 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.86652493
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.1530202
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 26.115833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.175 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 27.119995 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.46403277
    Aridity index - month max 0.8628281
    Aridity index - month min 0.31296968
    Evaporation - annual mean 136.06502 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15184.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 233.3171 mm
    Evaporation - month min 61.09313 mm
    Evaporation - variability 18.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.15 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.33 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.12 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.10442 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 63.108307 %
    Humidity - month max relative 87.24253 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 72.97557 %
    Humidity - month min relative 54.358772 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 54.358772 %
    Precipitation - annual 683.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 695.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 57.863823 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.5515483
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 107.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 37.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 7.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 105.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.92140985
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 33.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.08474938
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 245.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 88.712875 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 22.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 253.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 31.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 23.6 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 23.935833 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 17.8 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 11.0025 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 25.193146 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 27.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.53 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.7 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.7 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 11.9 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.51 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.13 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.61
    Temperature - warmest month min 16.91 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 31.4 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.7 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.3 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 141.68646 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 687.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 108.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 28.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 103.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 35.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 251.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 102.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 252.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 175.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 263.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 39.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 113.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 134.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 122.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 50.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 4626.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 302.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 232.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 228.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.7323933 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.02 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 36697.746 m
    Remoteness index 0.8690946
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 106.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 198.0 %
    Runoff - average 806.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 4.5 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 64.57253
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 77.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.55 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 35.0 %
    Bulk density 1.615548 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 1.0123508 %
    Clay % 46.032192 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 30.0 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.45
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.58
    Nutrient status 1.85 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 3.6109588
    Water holding capacity 40000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 66.966385
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.64799 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 260.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 106.625 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 78.0 m
    Elevation 79.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.414332 degrees
    Topographic relief 17.95245 m
    Topographic slope (%) 1.647285 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3403 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 48.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 29.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 71.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.027 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.1 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 51.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 4.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.6224 NDVI