Occurrence record: Observations:34676452

HumanObservation of Handroanthus recorded on 2019-10-19

Dataset

true
Data resource iNaturalist Australia
Institution Supplied institution code "iNaturalist"
Catalogue Number 34676452
Occurrence ID https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34676452
Basis of record Human observation
Identified date 2019-10-21T05:05:10+00:00
Observer cvalentino19
User ID cvalentino19
Rights © cvalentino19some rights reserved
Licence CC-BY-NC-Int
Supplied as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Rightsholder cvalentino19
Dataset name iNaturalist observations
Occurrence status present
Collection code Observations
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 2019-10-21
Supplied as 2019-10-21T05:05:10+00:00
Identification verification status needs_id
Identification id 75202749

Event

Record date 2019-10-19
Supplied date "2019-10-19T17:37:38+13:00"
Date precision Day
Verbatim event date Sat Oct 19 2019 17:37:38 GMT+1200 (GMT+12)
Event time 04:37:38Z

Taxonomy

Scientific name Handroanthus
Supplied scientific name "Handroanthus chrysanthus"
Taxon rank genus
Supplied as "species"
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Supplied as "Tracheophyta"
Class Equisetopsida
Supplied as "Magnoliopsida"
Order Lamiales
Family Bignoniaceae
Genus Handroanthus
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Higher taxon match
The match is based on the higher level classification.
Name parse type wellformed

Geospatial

Country - parsed Australia
State - parsed Queensland
Locality Brisbane (C)
Latitude -27.4759833333
Longitude 153.0309611667
Geodetic Datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Brisbane Botanic Garden, Brisbane, QLD, AU
Coordinate precision Unknown
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

references https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/34676452

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Country inferred from coordinates Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Missing taxonomic rank Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 10 missing properties
    Show/Hide 46 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Land use Urban intensive uses
    NRM Regions 2010 South East Queensland
    NRM Regions 2014 South East Queensland
    NRM Regions 2015 South East Queensland
    NRM Regions 2017 South East Queensland
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 South East Queensland
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions South Eastern Queensland
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Southeast Hills and Ranges, Murwillumbah
    IBRA 7 Regions South Eastern Queensland
    IBRA 7 Subregions Burringbar-Conondale Ranges
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Warmer and wetter end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Subtropical: no dry season
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Subtropical
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 North East Coast
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 BRISBANE RIVER
    River Regions BRISBANE RIVER
    Marine
    Estuary habitat mapping 15341 Brisbane River Channel
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Tweed-Moreton
    States including coastal waters Queensland (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Queensland
    Australian States and Territories Queensland
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Brisbane
    Local Government Areas 2011 Brisbane (C)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated City - Remainder
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 BRISBANE CITY
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 301
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 17074
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) GREATER BRISBANE
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) BRISBANE CITY
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) BRISBANE INNER
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) BRISBANE INNER CITY
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) BRISBANE
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) BRISBANE
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) BRISBANE CITY
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) BRISBANE CITY - INNER NORTH
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) BRISBANE
    PSMA Localities (2018) BRISBANE CITY
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Major Cities of Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) MAJOR URBAN
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) 1 MILLION OR MORE
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) BRISBANE
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) BRISBANE CENTRAL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) BRISBANE CENTRAL
    PSMA States (2016) QUEENSLAND
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) BRISBANE
    Statistical Local Areas City - Remainder
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Proserpine Region
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Bunya-Burnett Ranges
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Non forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Non Forest
    Land cover Ephemeral and Permanent Water Features
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Other Crown Land
    Vegetation - condition Removed
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 7605171.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 2.0 $/ha
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8675
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.7706
    Endemism 0.14588228
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.17234527
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.4792
    Migratory species (2008) 8.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 369.69135 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 4.08313 index
    Species Richness 41.45679 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 14.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.5984603
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.2137746
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.17961954
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 141.05167 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 203.85 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 76.44 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.36 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.46 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.29 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 68.54016 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 72.58323 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 64.04696 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 82.293335 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 25.4 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.6377916
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.2583333 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.7022687 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 3.0932481
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.56493753
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 2.0762353
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 134.12 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -58.758335 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -116.01 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 19.119995 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.52 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 18.073334 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 11.41 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 27.175833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 15.908333 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 21.75998 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 9.27 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 22.22 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.4499817 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 3.2199707 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.690002 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 11.267497 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.710022 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -3.3399963 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 9.290009 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 31.03 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 21.49 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.7065614
    Aridity index - month max 1.0724044
    Aridity index - month min 0.28327626
    Evaporation - annual mean 131.02142 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 22298.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 194.51353 mm
    Evaporation - month min 74.2 mm
    Evaporation - variability 15.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.36 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.58 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.28 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 77.316154 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 67.76789 %
    Humidity - month max relative 81.842995 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 71.637856 %
    Humidity - month min relative 63.441376 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 63.441376 %
    Precipitation - annual 1100.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1048.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.12337151
    Precipitation - annual mean 91.81077 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 1.067068
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 2.0700414
    Precipitation - autumn 299.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 34.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 130.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 34.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 112.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.700316
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.2182796 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.324943 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 44.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.7459786
    Precipitation - spring 210.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.066295154
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.4258987
    Precipitation - spring reliability 41.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 435.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.19849074
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.7349976
    Precipitation - summer reliability 51.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 386.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 157.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 37.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 389.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 157.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 26.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -39.21066 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -93.61455 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 10.600006 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 13.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 15.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 24.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 11.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.013538 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 17.776129 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 11.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 25.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 22.2 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 25.280834 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 20.4 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 14.04 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 22.300018 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 22.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 7.57 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 8.1 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 15.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 20.29 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 11.1 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.51 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 41.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.2599792 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 3.2099915 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.580017 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 3.735 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 11.240834 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -0.416 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -2.769989 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -3.149994 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 9.230011 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 29.32 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 34.833584 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.28
    Temperature - warmest month min 19.8 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 30.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 24.9 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 24.9 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.40014482 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.4988373 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.6404462 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.6404462 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.1906259 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.38307703 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 119.69835 km/day
    Wind run - month max 152.8462 km/day
    Wind run - month min 93.6568 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 2.8489878 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 1.6646762 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 2.661741 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 3.411741 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 1.9117409 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 3.411741 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 2.1117408 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 1.5117409 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 1.5117409 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1148.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 170.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 33.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 136.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 43.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 450.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 166.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 456.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 203.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 211.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 86.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 152.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 108.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 159.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 51.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3715.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 297.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 247.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 244.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.1456022 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.089999996 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.0 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 18388.916 m
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 730.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 117.0 %
    Runoff - average 3927.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Marine
    Great Barrier Reef 100m DEM 30.160006 m
    Social
    Disadvantaged -10136.136 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.60182446
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.17961954
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 86.4694 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 40.346073 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.3337797 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.29458773 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 54.164204
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 16.165758
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 31.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.6 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 45.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 359.0595 Gal
    Bulk density 1.6615111 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 0.6614016 %
    Carbon store pre-European 66.10025 kgC/ha
    Clay % 44.236813 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.7182372
    Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    Crop factor - month min 0.28327626
    Erodibility 65.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 31.25 %
    Erosivity 4412.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 10.666667 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 28.4 my
    Lithology - fertility 4.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 213.8 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.3300078 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 1.4533184 log my
    Magnetic anomalies -68.0 nT
    Moisture - average 49.0 %
    Moisture - variability 10.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.7
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.81
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.94
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.9
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.27
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.44
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 27.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.71
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 5602.664 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 38.08894 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 66.25371 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.3 index
    Pedality hydrological score 3.3516483
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 12.17384 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 827.1542 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 6.998683 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 3.3516483
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 1.0
    Topographic wetness index 15.49103
    Unreliable water retention parameters 66.666664
    Water deficit - month max 67.6823 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 24.376335 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 41000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 56.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.9780934 MPa
    Water potential - month max -0.19571167 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 64.64135
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 25.494864
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.17633 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 184.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 86.166664 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 1.0 m
    Elevation 8.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.005216 degrees
    Topographic relief 6.934324 m
    Topographic roughness 66.15355 %
    Topographic slope (%) 0.4811489 %
    Valley bottom % 100.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 4.410476
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2167 EVI
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 9.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 51.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 40.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    NDVI Mean 21.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.4224 NDVI