Occurrence record: NSW:NSW 167068

PreservedSpecimen of Melastoma affine recorded on 1909-01-01

Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource MEL AVH data
Institution code The Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust
Supplied institution code "NSW"
Collection code National Herbarium of New South Wales
Catalog number NSW 167068
Occurrence ID NSW:NSW:NSW 167068
Basis of record Preserved specimen
Preparations sheet
Identified by Whiffin, T.P.
Identified date 1990-06
Collector Lucas, A.H.S.
Record number s.n.
Reproductive condition buds | flowers | fruit
License CC-BY 3.0 (Au)
Establishment means native
Occurrence status present
Supplied as Present
Collection code NSW
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided
Date identified 1990-06

Event

Collecting date 1909-01-01
Supplied date "1909-01"
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Melastoma affine
Supplied scientific name "Melastoma affine D.Don"
Taxon rank species
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Myrtales
Family Melastomataceae
Genus Melastoma
Species Melastoma affine
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship D.Don

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province Queensland
Locality Sunshine Coast (R)
Locality Landsborough - Caloundra.
Latitude -26.8000000000
Longitude 153.0500000000
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Verbatim locality Landsborough - Caloundra.
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty in meters 25000.0
Verbatim coordinates 26,48,,S,153,03,,E,
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

Type PhysicalObject

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Incomplete collection date Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Identification date before occurrence date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Cultivated / escapee Passed
    Missing name of person who identified the specimen/observation Passed
    Missing identification date Passed
    Collector name unparseable Passed
    Missing catalogue number Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Collection code not recognised Passed
    Institution code not recognised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Resource taxonomic scope mismatch Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Supplied country not recognised Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not valid Passed
    Coordinate uncertainty not specified Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Country inferred from coordinates Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates dont match supplied state Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 9 missing properties
    Show/Hide 41 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Forestry
    NRM Regions South East Queensland
    NRM Regions 2014 South East Queensland
    NRM Regions 2015 South East Queensland
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions South Eastern Queensland
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Southern Coastal Lowlands
    IBRA 7 Regions South Eastern Queensland
    IBRA 7 Subregions Sunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Eastern Australian Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Residential woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Warmer and wetter end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Subtropical: no dry season
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Subtropical
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture (tropical and subtropical)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 North East Coast
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 MAROOCHY RIVER
    River Regions MAROOCHY RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Tweed-Moreton
    States including coastal waters Queensland (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Queensland
    Australian States and Territories Queensland
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Fisher
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Caloundra - Caloundra S.
    Local Government Areas Sunshine Coast (R)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) FISHER
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) CALOUNDRA
    Statistical Local Areas Caloundra South
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Proserpine Region
    Surface Geology of Australia -Rsln
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia New England-Moreton Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Moreton Lowland
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Other native forest
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Melaleuca Forests and Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Melaleuca open forests and woodlands
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Private Freehold
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus open forest

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 1452.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 0.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 7605171.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 2.0 $/ha
    Sheep numbers 0.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8918
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.5504
    Endemism 0.016601166
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.020721883
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3794
    Migratory species (2008) 7.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 23.320988 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 2.3192196 index
    Species Richness 2.4074075 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 14.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.9196579
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.8350698
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.23281583
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 139.23792 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 198.21 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 78.71 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.48 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.64 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.38 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 73.704155 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 77.705864 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 69.5536 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 121.675835 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 32.99 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.4418284
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 2.674276 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -2.236312 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.5440469
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -1.2577873
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.5364683
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 216.37 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -17.562084 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -108.70999 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 75.34 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 22.72 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 17.395834 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 11.16 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 26.319166 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 16.473333 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 19.470001 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 10.56 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 21.59 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.350006 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.9100037 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.850006 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.845833 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.460022 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -3.3399963 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.009979 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.03 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 21.61 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.0832205
    Aridity index - month max 1.7164413
    Aridity index - month min 0.35207278
    Evaporation - annual mean 131.35435 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 30598.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 189.7 mm
    Evaporation - month min 76.589966 mm
    Evaporation - variability 7.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.44 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.73 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.33 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 79.209236 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 72.977585 %
    Humidity - month max relative 82.908676 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 76.683014 %
    Humidity - month min relative 68.93164 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 68.93164 %
    Precipitation - annual 1786.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1546.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index 0.09768491
    Precipitation - annual mean 138.8524 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.862711
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 1.8641939
    Precipitation - autumn 537.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 34.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 214.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 46.942142 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 8.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 167.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.5047974
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.7652333 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -2.1095695 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 46.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 2.6200154
    Precipitation - spring 271.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -0.12162423
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.97738546
    Precipitation - spring reliability 42.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 625.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season 0.17551339
    Precipitation - summer or winter season 1.6132135
    Precipitation - summer reliability 52.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 550.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 243.69203 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 58.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 609.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 236.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 31.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean 7.4980407 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -86.38866 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 101.261246 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 17.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 13.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 16.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 23.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 10.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 22.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 17.033333 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 11.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 25.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 20.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 17.0 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 24.583334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 20.3 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 14.901667 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 19.200012 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 19.7 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 8.71 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 9.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 15.6 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 19.9 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 9.7 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 16.8 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.49 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 39.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.0099792 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 2.9599915 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 11.900024 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 4.914581 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.681666 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min 0.9158985 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -2.6400146 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -3.1099854 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.529999 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 28.2 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 33.098354 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.19
    Temperature - warmest month min 20.17 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 29.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 24.5 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 23.1 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.27945125 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.37828684 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.47044325 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.47044325 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.12079096 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.30278432 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 185.73149 km/day
    Wind run - month max 209.78123 km/day
    Wind run - month min 153.6699 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 4.383365 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 2.7801735 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 4.114312 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 5.1524167 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 3.0762084 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 5.1524167 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 3.4643128 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 2.4881043 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 2.4881043 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1705.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 253.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 43.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 200.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 43.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 627.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 238.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 679.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 202.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 192.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 93.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 154.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 95.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 162.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 49.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3447.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 285.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 242.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 241.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.08062258 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.042426407 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 1731.0552 m
    Remoteness index 0.25361112
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 1572.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 107.0 %
    Runoff - average 7135.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Marine
    Great Barrier Reef 100m DEM 31.34 m
    Social
    Age 40.66965 years
    Age - prime group 24.634495 Count
    Disadvantaged 951.5885 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 8.283147 %
    Education - vocational training 27.285208 %
    Employment 6.82132 %
    Home ownership 69.3345 %
    Income - high 26.884718 %
    Income - low 13.803827 %
    Internet 59.5134 %
    Population - change 20.513155 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 89.488396 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 3.2025049 %
    Work force - older 27.651838 Count
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.7677091
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.27484834
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 73.273575 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 20.52359 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.71963394 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 69.09382
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 24.736351
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 18.161171 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 84.362 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 31.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.51 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 35.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 377.0561 Gal
    Bulk density 1.558 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 1.2890544 %
    Carbon store pre-European 113.2785 kgC/ha
    Clay % 35.484547 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.83336926
    Crop factor - month max 0.9
    Crop factor - month min 0.5677988
    Erodibility 57.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 43.75 %
    Erosivity 7628.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 46.11111 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 52.4 my
    Lithology - fertility 2.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 200.7 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 2.3025475 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 1.7193313 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 151.0 nT
    Moisture - average 59.0 %
    Moisture - variability 9.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.88
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.99
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.56
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.66
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 17.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.86
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 9222.484 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 46.83689 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 152.7579 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.45 index
    Pedality hydrological score 3.1830304
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 28.09366 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 1496.0852 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 8.613761 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 3.1830304
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 6.463074
    Unreliable water retention parameters 55.555553
    Water deficit - month max 44.29265 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 10.104196 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 50000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 66.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.5335685 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 75.003235
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 51.10189
    Water surplus - annual mean 30.737675 mm
    Water surplus - month max 113.730286 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.21394 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 128.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 94.666664 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 25.0 m
    Elevation 30.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 2.779548
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 37.5 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 1.6390806 degrees
    Topographic relief 8.466356 m
    Topographic roughness 9.919874 %
    Topographic slope (%) 0.5322252 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3885 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 88.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 0.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 20.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 80.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0766 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 5.6 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 76.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 18.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7319 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 58.77778 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 22.777779 Day