We are switching biocache.ala.org.au to HTTPS, if you have applications that are still using HTTP, please migrate them to use HTTPS instead. 

Occurrence record: 136

of Heterodontus galeatus | Crested Shark recorded on 2010-02-06

Dataset

Data resource SharkBase
Occurrence ID 136
Basis of record Not supplied
Sex unknown
Individual count 1
Associated Occurrence Status Associated record
Associated occurrences The occurrence is associated with a representative record.
For more information see Inferred associated occurrence details
License CC-BY-NC-Int
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Record date 2010-02-06
Supplied date "Sat Feb 06 00:00:00 AEDT 2010"
Date precision Day

Taxonomy

Scientific name Heterodontus galeatus
Taxon rank species
Common name Crested Shark
Supplied common name "Crested Bullhead Shark"
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Chondrichthyes
Order Heterodontiformes
Family Heterodontidae
Genus Heterodontus
Species Heterodontus galeatus
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province New South Wales
Locality Broulee Island
Latitude -35.8549658170234
Longitude 150.18729342655
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Water body Pacific Ocean
Coordinate precision Unknown
Biome Marine

Additional properties

conditions -unknown-
dcterms:bibliographic citation Kempster RM and Egeberg CA (2015). SharkBase citizen science global chondrichthyan sighting database. Support Our Sharks Ocean Conservation Society. Version 2015.07. www.shark-base.org (consulted on 29/06/2015)
sighting type Diving/Snorkelling
visibility -unknown-

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Warning
    Country inferred from coordinates Warning
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Incomplete collection date Passed
    First of the month Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
    Show/Hide 14 missing properties
    Show/Hide 50 tests that have not been run

    Outlier information  

    This record has been detected as an outlier using the Reverse Jackknife algorithm for the following layers:

    More information on the data quality work being undertaken by the Atlas is available here:

    Inferred associated occurrence details

    This record is associated with the representative record. This mean another record has been detected to be similar to this record, and that the other record (the representative record) has the most detailed information for the occurrence. More information about the duplication detection methods and terminology in use is available here:

    Representative Record
    Record UUID f1e8df47-f780-43b4-8709-9b80fd0e8ba1
    Data Resource SharkBase
    Raw Scientific Name Heterodontus galeatus
    Coordinates -35.8549658170234,150.18729342655
    Year 2010
    Month 02
    Day 6
    Related records
    Record UUID 328ec287-d628-4107-8249-ce37dff2fb3a
    Data Resource SharkBase
    Raw Scientific Name Heterodontus galeatus
    Coordinates -35.8549658170234,150.18729342655
    Year 2010
    Month 02
    Day 6
    Comments One of the collectors was null or unknown
    Coordinates were identical
    Record UUID 328ec287-d628-4107-8249-ce37dff2fb3a
    Data Resource SharkBase
    Raw Scientific Name Heterodontus galeatus
    Coordinates -35.8549658170234,150.18729342655
    Year 2010
    Month 02
    Day 6
    Comments One of the collectors was null or unknown
    Coordinates were identical

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    Australian Coral Ecoregions South-east Australia
    CAPAD 2012 Marine Batemans
    CAPAD 2014 Marine Batemans
    Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD) marine 2010 Batemans
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    NRM Regions Southern Rivers
    NRM Regions 2014 South East NSW
    NRM Regions 2015 South East NSW
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Eastern Coastal Australia
    IMCRA 4 Regions Southeast Shelf Transition
    IMCRA Meso-scale Bioregions Batemans Shelf
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Cooler end of the warm, wet sub-tropical climates��
    Marine
    Geomorphology of the Australian Margin and adjacent seafloor Shelf
    Global Seagrass Species Richness (2003) 4.00000000
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Cape Howe
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Open
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.8253
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.8992
    Endemism 0.023606315
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.015467623
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Occurrence Density 91.419754 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 3.30503 index
    Species Richness 13.950617 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.64106476
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.2827722
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.33846456
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 137.30421 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 221.7625 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 62.82 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.16375 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.45 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.11125 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 79.53923 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 82.63019 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 76.16308 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 78.5275 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 35.90125 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.8436751
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.2682391 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -1.2062055 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 1.7438524
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.18447904
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season 0.73929894
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 112.76625 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -58.776722 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -146.70375 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 17.763748 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 24.372501 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 15.95625 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 7.5375 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 22.1075 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 11.64125 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 20.148743 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 5.5175 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 17.59625 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 1.7962341 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 2.6712341 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 12.493744 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.466245 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.431244 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.9924927 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.434998 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 25.66625 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 17.22375 degrees C
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 982.3333 mm
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 180.33333 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 10.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 163.33333 mm
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 24.0 mm
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 288.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 26.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 305.33334 mm
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -50.792538 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -141.3633 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 15.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 9.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 11.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 24.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 7.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 37.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 17.4 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 15.766666 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 20.366667 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.4666667 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 11.266666 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.266666 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 11.666667 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.5 %
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.18
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 24.9 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 20.0 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 19.166668 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 329.5988 km/day
    Wind run - month max 361.21848 km/day
    Wind run - month min 295.89688 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 6.57555 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 5.181318 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 6.5505776 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 7.5005774 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 5.6005774 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 7.5005774 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 5.600495 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 4.600495 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 4.600495 m/s
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.058309518 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.01 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.17999999 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.058309518 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 1370.4319 m
    Marspec Distance to Shore 1.0 km
    Hydrology
    Water Observations From Space 98.870056 Percentage
    Marine
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Salinity 0.22 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Range in Sea Surface Temperature 6.5299997 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Salinity 0.38 100 x psu
    Marspec Annual Variance in Sea Surface Temperature 5.4554996 10,000 x degrees C
    Marspec Bathymetric Slope 0.3 10 x degrees
    Marspec Concavity 0.013 1000 x degrees
    Marspec East/West Aspect 1.0 radians
    Marspec Maximum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 35.62 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Salinity 35.51 100 x psu
    Marspec Mean Annual Sea Surface Temperature 18.109999 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Minimum Monthly Sea Surface Salinity 35.399998 100 x psu
    Marspec North/South Aspect -0.049999997 1 x radians
    Marspec Plan Curvature 4.0E-4 x 10000
    Marspec Profile Curvature -8.0E-4 x 10000
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the coldest ice-free month 15.08 100 x degrees C
    Marspec Sea Surface Temperature of the warmest ice-free month 21.609999 100 x degrees C
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.6297352
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.8506732
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.33846456
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 99.65045 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 33.71299 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -1.2915545 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -0.44839782 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 56.676163
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 76.560585
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 30.46181
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Bouguer gravity anomalies 266.9158 Gal
    Bulk density 1.3375616 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon store pre-European 127.936 kgC/ha
    Clay % 9.884975 %
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 6.25 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 300.0 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 2.588 my
    Lithology - fertility 6.222222 index
    Lithology - mean age 1.294 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 0.11193429 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.41296428 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 13.0 nT
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.66
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.9
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 0.95
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.91
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.32
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.41
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 29.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.45
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 10556.46 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 66.78123 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 195.7732 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.7256157
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 36.10146 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 1892.1761 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 12.31476 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.9 m
    Soil pedality 1.7256157
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 1.0
    Topographic wetness index 0.9167553
    Unreliable water retention parameters 5.4545455
    Water holding capacity 28000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 139.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 4.86456 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Averaged Topographic Relief 102.125 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 0.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.7322931
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.83582264 degrees
    Topographic relief 2.027705 m
    Topographic roughness 140.3422 %
    Topographic slope (%) 5.738586 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2112 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 16.0 %
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0138 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 0.3 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.452 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 24.225807 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 148.2 Day