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Occurrence record: CANB:CBG 8405678.3

Preserved specimen of Alstonia constricta F.Muell. | Bitterbark recorded on 1984-07-06
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Dataset

Data partner Australia's Virtual Herbarium
Data resource Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANB) AVH data
Institution code Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research
Supplied institution code "CANB"
Collection Australian National Herbarium
Supplied collection code "CANB"
Catalog number CBG 8405678.3
Record type Preserved specimen
Supplied basis "PreservedSpecimen"
Preparations sheet
Identified by Forster, P.I.  
Identified date 1991
Collector Hadlow, B.  
Supplied as "Hadlow, B."
Record number 389
Reproductive condition leaf
Associated Occurrence Status Representative record
Associated occurrences This record has 1 inferred associated occurrences
For more information see Inferred associated occurrence details
License CC-BY 4.0 (Int)
Supplied as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode
Language en
Presence/Absence PRESENT
Supplied as present
Associated records REPRESENTATIVE
Disposition in collection
Occurrence remarks Tree to 6.0 m; densely branched; pendulous foliage; persistent grey-furrowed bark. Common.
Date identified 1991

Event

Occurrence date 1984-07-06
Date precision DAY

Taxonomy

Scientific name Alstonia constricta
Supplied scientific name "Alstonia constricta F.Muell."
Identified to rank species
Common name Bitterbark
Kingdom Plantae
Phylum Charophyta
Class Equisetopsida
Order Gentianales
Family Apocynaceae
Genus Alstonia
Species Alstonia constricta
Name match metric exactMatch
Scientific name authorship F.Muell.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC
Nomenclatural code ICN

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or Territory New South Wales
Locality 4 km S of the Warrumbungle National Park along road to Toorawenah.
Habitat
Supplied as "Low rocky rise. N aspect. Sandy loam with rock outcropping. Open woodland, {Eucalyptus}-{Callitris} dominant, with {Stypandra}, {Olearia}, {Cheilanthes}. "
Latitude -31.266667
Supplied as: "-31.266666667"
Longitude 149.0
Supplied as: "149"
Datum EPSG:4326
Min elevation 400
Coordinate precision Unknown
Coordinate uncertainty (in metres) 1000.0
Georeferenced by collector
County North Western Slopes
Terrestrial true
Verbatim latitude 31 16 S
Biome TERRESTRIAL
Marine false
Country Code AU
Verbatim longitude 149 0 E

User flagged issues 

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    Inferred associated occurrence details

    This record has been identified as the representative occurrence in a group of associated occurrences. This mean other records have been detected that seem to relate to this record and this particular record has the most detailed information on the occurrence. More information about the duplication detection methods and terminology in use is available here:

    Representative Record
    Record UUID 040a485e-e6e4-4187-a376-fa5b7980d65e
    Data Resource Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANB) AVH data
    Raw Scientific Name Alstonia constricta F.Muell.
    Coordinates -31.266667,149.0
    Related records
    Record UUID 2e352754-f4b8-42ca-9b0e-afd94116a839
    Data Resource Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research (CANB) AVH data
    Raw Scientific Name Alstonia constricta F.Muell.
    Coordinates -31.266667,149.0

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2010 Terrestrial Warrumbungle
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Warrumbungle
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Warrumbungle
    CAPAD 2016 Terrestrial Warrumbungle
    CAPAD 2018 Terrestrial Warrumbungle
    CAPAD 2020 Terrestrial Warrumbungle
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Pilliga IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant No irrigation
    Land use Nature conservation
    Murray Darling Basin Authority Water Quality Zones Upland
    Murray-Darling Basin Boundary Murray-Darling Basin Boundary
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas GW17
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water Plan Areas (2018) NSW Murray���Darling Basin Fractured Rock
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units Warrumbungle Basalt (GS49)
    Murray-Darling Basin Ground Water SDL Resource Units (2018) Gunnedah-Oxley Basin MDB (GS17)
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas SW11
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water Plan Areas (2019) Macquarie-Castlereagh
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units SS20
    Murray-Darling Basin Surface Water SDL Resource Units (2019) Macquarie���Castlereagh
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Valleys CASTLEREAGH
    Murray-Darling Basin Sustainable Rivers Audit (SRA) Zones upland
    NRM Regions 2010 Central West
    NRM Regions 2014 Central West
    NRM Regions 2015 Central West
    NRM Regions 2017 Central West
    NRM Regions 2017 (Qld 2019) Central West
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble ploughed in
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble ploughed in
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) 1-2 cultivations
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) 1-2 cultivations
    Area management
    National Landcare Program Management Units 2018 Central West
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Murray - Darling
    IBRA 6 Regions Brigalow Belt South
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Pilliga
    IBRA 7 Regions Brigalow Belt South
    IBRA 7 Subregions Pilliga
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Brigalow Tropical Savanna
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Wild woodlands
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Most plant growth in summer, although summers are moisture limiting. Temperature limits growth in winter
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (hot summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Mallee (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 Murray-Darling Basin
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 DARLING RIVER
    River Regions CASTLEREAGH RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Manning-Hawkesbury
    States including coastal waters New South Wales (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Australian States and Territories New South Wales
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries Parkes
    Local Government Areas 2011 Coonamble (A)
    Local Government Areas 2012 deprecated Coonamble
    Local Government Areas PSMA 2018 COONAMBLE SHIRE COUNCIL
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water Bigambul, Githabul, Kambuwal, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Kwiambul, Ngarabal
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Ground Water (2019) Barkandji, Barapa Barapa, Bigambul, Budjiti, Euahlayi, Githabul, Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Guwamu (Kooma), Kambuwal, Kunja, Kwiambul, Maljangapa, Maraura, Murrawarri, Mutthi Mutthi, Nari Nari, Ngarabal, Ngemba, Ngiyampaa, Nyeri Nyeri, Tati Tati, Wadi Wadi, Wail
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Ngemba, Ngiyampaa, Wailwan, Wiradjuri
    Murray-Darling Basin Water Resource Planning Areas Traditional Owners - Surface Water (2019) Gomeroi/Kamilaroi, Ngemba, Ngiyampaa, Wailwan, Wiradjuri
    NSW Local Land Services Regions Central West
    PSMA ABS Census Indigenous Language Speakers by Area - I01B (2016) 3
    PSMA ABS Census Selected Person Characteristics by Indigenous Status by Area - I01A (2016) 818
    PSMA ABS Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (2016) REST OF NSW
    PSMA ABS SA2 Statistical Areas (2016) COONABARABRAN
    PSMA ABS SA3 Statistical Areas (2016) DUBBO
    PSMA ABS SA4 Statistical Areas (2016) FAR WEST AND ORANA
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) PARKES
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2018) PARKES
    PSMA Indigenous Areas (2016) WARRUMBUNGLE SHIRE
    PSMA Indigenous Locations (2016) COONABARABRAN - SURROUNDS
    PSMA Indigenous Regions (2016) DUBBO
    PSMA Localities (2018) WARRUMBUNGLE
    PSMA Remoteness Areas (2016) Outer Regional Australia
    PSMA Section of State (2016) RURAL BALANCE
    PSMA Section of State Range (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY
    PSMA Significant Urban Area (2016) NOT IN ANY SIGNIFICANT URBAN AREA (NSW)
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2018) BARWON
    PSMA States (2016) NEW SOUTH WALES
    PSMA Urban Centre and Locality (2016) REMAINDER OF STATE/TERRITORY (NSW)
    Statistical Local Areas Coonamble (A)
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Surat Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Czbwa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Macquarie Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Warrumbungle Peaks
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Woodland
    Forests of Australia 2018B Eucalypt Mallee Woodland
    IGBP Land Cover vegetation classification scheme (2011) Woody savannas
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus woodlands with a tussock grass understorey
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve
    Vegetation - condition Residual
    Vegetation types - native Mallee woodlands and shrublands
    Vegetation types - present Mallee woodlands and shrublands

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Natural resource management expenditure 6439354.0 $
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 0.966
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 3.4804
    Endemism 0.017985871
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.018424619
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.3689
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 25049.0 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 5.379193 index
    Species Richness 1638.0 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 4.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.40201202
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 60.19 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 55.1825 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 36.71 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.998034
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.001957426
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 25.085001 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 10.976666 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 29.829987 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.47383103
    Aridity index - month max 0.9844968
    Aridity index - month min 0.21494728
    Evaporation - annual mean 160.00153 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 15761.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 291.75827 mm
    Evaporation - month min 52.168957 mm
    Evaporation - variability 21.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.09 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.22 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 77.14202 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 73.78662 %
    Humidity - month max relative 91.797195 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.18899 %
    Humidity - month min relative 64.38627 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 64.38627 %
    Precipitation - annual 645.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 743.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual mean 58.696384 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality 0.3027604
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 164.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 46.647526 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 10.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 159.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.0143486
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 23.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.014261648
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 226.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 89.00769 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 235.0 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 18.0 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 32.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 24.0 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 22.629168 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 16.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 8.253333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 29.23526 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 29.8 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 0.86 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 2.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.3 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 13.8 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 13.0 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.46 %
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 30.87 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.96
    Temperature - warmest month min 15.87 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 32.1 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 23.8 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 22.7 degrees C
    Wind run - annual mean 157.2239 km/day
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 741.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 158.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 45.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 153.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 24.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 245.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 102.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 245.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 160.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 302.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 12.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 86.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 145.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 96.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 48.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 5626.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 314.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 231.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 231.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 3.211791 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.5745433 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 174901.7 m
    Remoteness index 7.1873307
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 40.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 182.0 %
    Runoff - average 715.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 0.40497372 people/km^2
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 60.28404
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 112.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.2 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 53.0 %
    Bulk density 1.2 Mg/m^3
    Carbon - organic 2.1110477 %
    Clay % 54.366196 %
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 0.37 mm/h
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.48
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 0.79
    Nutrient status 2.0 index
    Ph - soil 5.0 ph
    Soil depth 1.0 m
    Soil pedality 4.4760566
    Water holding capacity 28000.0 mm
    Water stress index - month max 69.75039
    Weathering Intensity V2 2.61896 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 181.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 464.04166 metres
    Bathymetry and Elvation 9 sec 507.0 m
    Elevation 609.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 5.4446945 degrees
    Topographic relief 136.0953 m
    Topographic slope (%) 11.29589 %
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.2906 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 41.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 7.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 28.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 64.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0251 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.0 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 65.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 6.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7418 NDVI