Occurrence record:

HumanObservation of Eudyptula minor | little penguin

Dataset

Data partner NatureMap
Data resource Western Australian Seabirds
Basis of record Human observation
Record number 3326
Behavior Number Breeding:
Individual count 65
License other
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Record date Year: 1976, Month: , Day:
Supplied as year:1976 
Date precision Not Supplied
Event remarks Present: all months; Breeding: August - December

Taxonomy

Scientific name Eudyptula minor
Taxon rank species
Common name little penguin
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Sphenisciformes
Family Spheniscidae
Genus Eudyptula
Species Eudyptula minor
Taxonomic issue No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type wellformed
Scientific name authorship (Forster)

Geospatial

Country Australia
State / Province Western Australia
Locality Albany (C)
Locality Bald
Latitude -34.9167
Longitude 118.4633
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "GDA94"
Island Bald
Location remarks Coast strip: Bremer Bay - West Cape Howe
Coordinate precision Unknown
Location ID 32
Biome Terrestrial

User flagged issues 

User Assertion Status:

    Data quality tests

    Test name Result
    Habitat incorrect for species Failed
    Incomplete collection date Warning
    Occurrence status assumed to be present Warning
    Coordinates converted to WGS84 Warning
    Country inferred from coordinates Warning
    Basis of record not supplied Passed
    Basis of record badly formed Passed
    Invalid collection date Passed
    Data are generalised Passed
    Name not supplied Passed
    Kingdom not recognised Passed
    Name not recognised Passed
    Invalid scientific name Passed
    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Decimal latitude/longitude conversion failed Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
    Supplied coordinates are zero Passed
    Zero latitude Passed
    Zero longitude Passed
    Location not supplied Passed
    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
    Missing geodetic datum Passed
    Show/Hide 13 missing properties
    Show/Hide 46 tests that have not been run

    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Bald Island
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Bald Island
    Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD) 2010 Bald Island
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) Fallow 3-9 months
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) Fallow 3-9 months
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Southwestern Australia Forests and Scrub
    Important Bird Areas (IBA) Australia Two Peoples Bay IBA
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Nature conservation
    NRM Regions South Coast
    NRM Regions 2014 South Coast
    NRM Regions 2015 South Coast
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) Stubble left intact
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) Stubble left intact
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cultivation
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cultivation
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Southwestern Australia
    IBRA 6 Regions Esperance Plains
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Fitzgerald
    IBRA 7 Regions Esperance Plains
    IBRA 7 Subregions Fitzgerald
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Esperance Mallee
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Classic "Mediterranean" climate with peaks of growth in winter and spring and moderate growth in winter
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 ALBANY COAST
    Land Management
    Western Australian Biodiversity Science Research Priority Regions Islands
    Marine
    FAO Fishery Statistical Areas 57
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Leeuwin
    States including coastal waters Western Australia (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Western Australia
    Australian States and Territories Western Australia
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries O'Connor
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Albany
    Local Government Areas Albany (C)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) O'CONNOR
    Statistical Local Areas Albany (C) Bal
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Surface Geology of Australia Mg
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Yilgarn Plateau Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 Albany Esperance Sandplain
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Other native forest
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve
    Vegetation types - native Mallee woodlands and shrublands
    Vegetation types - present cleared, non-native vegetation, buildings

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 952438.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 48854.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 9738067.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 2.0 $/ha
    Sheep numbers 414241.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3191
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 2.3954
    Endemism 0.018792456
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.02195338
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.2564
    Migratory species (2008) 12.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 8.432098 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 3.2478352 index
    Species Richness 0.8271605 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 17.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 0.7015405
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 1.8352798
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.11777704
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 123.472084 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 212.69 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 57.37 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.09 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.43 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.06 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 77.19399 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 81.37354 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 72.22732 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 59.815834 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 25.05 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.0993941
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.2448603 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.8198602 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.29197696
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.09880145
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -2.396101
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 105.29 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -63.65625 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -187.64 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 47.920002 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 25.71 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.325832 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 7.44 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 20.6775 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 12.005 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 15.450012 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 8.71 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 16.92 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 1.8099976 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 1.8099976 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 9.170013 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 8.672503 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -2.4599915 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -1.8800049 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 8.080017 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 24.16 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 15.86 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 0.72949725
    Aridity index - month max 1.7452645
    Aridity index - month min 0.104450144
    Evaporation - annual mean 124.98487 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - month max 229.77469 mm
    Evaporation - month min 53.388653 mm
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.38 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.03 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 83.57192 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 76.86479 %
    Humidity - month max relative 90.04862 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 81.3689 %
    Humidity - month min relative 71.85259 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 71.85259 %
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 754.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.15055387
    Precipitation - annual mean 59.81459 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -1.25429
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.44248047
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 52.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 297.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 23.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 6.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 86.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 0.9967602
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 1.0032258 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.76701015 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 47.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.26509356
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season -6.180153E-4
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season -0.003232811
    Precipitation - spring reliability 70.0 %
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.3061505
    Precipitation - summer or winter season -2.7347903
    Precipitation - summer reliability 25.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 93.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 95.18723 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 27.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 303.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 93.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -65.17028 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -205.77469 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 39.78867 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 16.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 9.5 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 24.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 26.1 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 7.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 25.8 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 16.353817 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 7.582268 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 40.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 22.4 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 8.5 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 19.318333 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 15.5 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 10.4366665 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 16.299011 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 15.4 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 7.25 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 7.9 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 12.3 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 15.11 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 8.6 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.5 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.56 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 45.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.039978 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 1.8000183 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 9.890015 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min 2.6327384 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 8.881668 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -0.7919698 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -2.730011 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -1.8599854 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.76001 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 23.49 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 36.006977 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 0.89
    Temperature - warmest month min 14.24 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 23.3 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.7 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 12.6 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.16094476 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.29022455 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.4496702 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.4496702 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.034221888 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.18003595 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 305.0296 km/day
    Wind run - month max 324.29178 km/day
    Wind run - month min 270.99448 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 5.7333035 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 4.899797 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 5.849907 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 6.4000316 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 5.2997813 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 6.4000316 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 4.799948 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 4.3997498 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 4.3997498 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 599.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 225.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 9.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 53.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 65.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 88.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 104.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 288.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 147.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 179.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 64.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 112.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 102.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 152.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 56.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 2837.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 243.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 184.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 112.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.080622576 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.01 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.7061161 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.080622576 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 7041.2505 m
    Hydrology
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Marine
    GEOMACS - geometric mean 0.058868 Pascals
    Sea Surface Temperature - MODIS Terra 18.453281 Degrees C
    SeaWIFS K490 Mean 0.05277785 Kd@490nm/m^2
    SeaWiFS Chlorophyll Mean 0.30131435 mg/m^3
    Social
    Age 39.2 years
    Age - prime group 24.8 Count
    Disadvantaged 1017.11 points (mean=1000)
    Education - degrees 9.7 %
    Education - vocational training 28.1 %
    Employment 11.9 %
    Home ownership 76.1 %
    Income - high 30.4 %
    Income - low 11.3 %
    Internet 60.3 %
    Population - change 12.5 count
    Population - density SLA 2006 p/sqkm) 3.6 people/km^2
    Unemployment rate 2.3 %
    Work force - older 29.3 Count
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.60367393
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.9
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.11777704
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 70.23399 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 23.769367 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.841556 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 54.33065
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 10.599934
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 0.15014267 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 1.269989 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -243.0789 Gal
    Bulk density 1.4298924 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic -422.19897 %
    Carbon store pre-European 77.43829 kgC/ha
    Clay % 5.0 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.6119224
    Crop factor - month max 0.9
    Crop factor - month min 0.104450144
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
    Erosivity 804.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 188.88889 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 600.0 my
    Lithology - fertility 6.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 1300.0 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 3.1139433 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 2.7781513 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 1217.0 nT
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.62
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 0.99
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.11
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.15
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 59.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.16
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 6561.582 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 57.20361 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 47.75531 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 1.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 1.9537635
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 8.786929 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 973.0946 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 10.52541 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 0.8 m
    Soil pedality 1.9537635
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 2.019553
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water deficit - month max 75.84761 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 23.359444 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 133.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.82923007 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 55.073013
    Water stress index - month max 80.99999
    Water stress index - month min 9.400513
    Water surplus - annual mean 0.81479645 mm
    Water surplus - month max 9.777557 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 1.7625 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 301.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 222.75 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 125.0 m
    Elevation 92.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 0.63530755 degrees
    Topographic relief 165.2603 m
    Topographic roughness 55.1262 %
    Topographic slope (%) 10.7451 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3149 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 41.0 %
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0305 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 1.0 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NPP Mean 0.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.7077 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 164.04762 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 11.3529415 Day