8a9356b2-2b4c-4d95-acaf-b06fdbf43d45

Human observation of Plecia (Plecia) dimidiata | Bibionid Flies - Mating recorded on 2015-11-23

Dataset

Data resource BowerBird
Basis of record Human observation
Observer Richter, R. Reiner
Supplied as "Reiner Richter"
Record number http://www.bowerbird.org.au/observations/56400
License Creative Commons - license at record level
Occurrence remarks Black & Red Fly
Occurrence status present
Abcd identification qualifier Not provided

Event

Record date 2015-11-23
Supplied date "2015-11-23T22:15Z"

Taxonomy

Scientific name Plecia (Plecia) dimidiata
Taxon rank species
Common name Bibionid Flies - Mating
Supplied common name "Flies, Bibionids, Bibionid flies"
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Diptera
Family Pleciidae
Supplied as "Bibionidae"
Genus Plecia
Species Plecia dimidiata
Taxonomic issues No issues
Name match metric Exact match
The supplied name matched the name exactly.
Name parse type SCIENTIFIC

Geospatial

Country Australia
State or territory Victoria
Local government area Yarra Ranges (S)
Latitude -37.8449802777778
Longitude 145.333628055556
Geodetic datum EPSG:4326
Supplied datum: "WGS84"
Coordinate precision Unknown
Biome Terrestrial

Additional properties

dcterms:rights BY-NC-SA

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    Name not in national checklists Passed
    Decimal coordinates not supplied Passed
    Geodetic datum assumed WGS84 Passed
    Unrecognized geodetic datum Passed
    Coordinates are transposed Passed
    Coordinates are out of range for species Passed
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    Habitat incorrect for species Passed
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    Supplied coordinates centre of state Passed
    Coordinates centre of country Passed
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    Additional political boundaries information

    Area Management
    CAPAD 2012 Terrestrial Dandenong Ranges
    CAPAD 2014 Terrestrial Dandenong Ranges
    Collaborative Australian Protected Areas Database (CAPAD) 2010 Dandenong Ranges
    Fallow practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Fallow practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    GER National Corridor GER National Corridor
    GER Standard Boundary GER Standard Boundary
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Freshwater Eastern Australia Rivers & Streams
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Marine Southern Australian Marine
    Global 200 priority ecoregions - Terrestrial Eastern Asutralia Temperate Forests
    Great Eastern Ranges Initiative GER Great Eastern Ranges Initiative
    Irrigation practice - dominant 6. Local knowledge
    Land use Nature conservation
    NRM Regions Port Phillip and Western Port
    NRM Regions 2014 Port Phillip and Western Port
    NRM Regions 2015 Port Phillip and Western Port
    Stubble practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Stubble practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (area) No cereal producers
    Tillage practice - dominant (number) No cereal producers
    Biodiversity
    Freshwater Ecoregions of the World Bass Strait Drainages
    IBRA 6 Regions South Eastern Highlands
    IBRA 6 Sub Regions Highlands - Southern Fall
    IBRA 7 Regions South Eastern Highlands
    IBRA 7 Subregions Highlands-Southern Fall
    Terrestrial Ecoregional Boundaries Southeast Australia Temperate Forests
    World Anthropogenic Biomes (2000) Urban
    Climate
    Agroclimatic classification of Australia Moisture availability high in winter-spring, moderate in summer, most plant growth in spring
    Koppen Climate Classification (All Classes) Temperate: no dry season (warm summer)
    Koppen Climate Classification (Major Classes) Temperate
    Fire
    Fire regime niches Pasture, cropland (temperate)
    Hydrology
    Drainage Divisions Level 1 South East Coast (Victoria)
    Drainage Divisions Level 2 BUNYIP RIVER
    River Regions BUNYIP RIVER
    Marine
    Marine Ecoregions of the World Bassian
    States including coastal waters Victoria (including Coastal Waters)
    Political
    ASGS Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Australian States and Territories Victoria
    Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries La Trobe
    LGA Boundaries (deprecated) Yarra Ranges - Dandenongs
    Local Government Areas Yarra Ranges (S)
    PSMA Commonwealth Electoral Boundaries (2016) LA TROBE
    PSMA State Electoral Boundaries (2016) EASTERN VICTORIA
    Statistical Local Areas Yarra Ranges (S) - Dandenongs
    World Country Boundaries Australia
    Substrate
    Geological Regions of Australia Lachlan Region
    Surface Geology of Australia Qa
    Topography
    Physiographic Provinces of Australia Kosciuszkan Uplands Province
    Physiographic Regions 2011 East Victorian Uplands
    Vegetation
    Australia's Indigenous forest estate (2013) v2.0 Non-Indigenous, Native forest
    Forests of Australia (2013) v2.0 Eucalypt Medium Open
    Land cover Native forests and woodlands
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Groups Eucalypt Open Forests
    NVIS 4.1 Major Vegetation Subgroups Eucalyptus tall open forests and open forests with ferns, herbs, sedges, rushes or wet tussock grasses
    Tenure of Australia's forests (2013) v2.0 Nature Conservation Reserve
    Vegetation - condition Replaced
    Vegetation types - native Eucalypt open forests
    Vegetation types - present Eucalyptus open forest

    Environmental sampling for this location

    Area Management
    Beef numbers 10727.0 dse
    Dairy numbers 0.0 dse
    Natural resource management expenditure 3839264.0 $
    Natural resource management expenditure - additional 1.0 $/ha
    Sheep numbers 534.0 dse
    Biodiversity
    Acacia – Miller et al 2012 - 0.5 degree 1.3005
    Amphibians (global) – Pyron & Wiens 2011 - 0.5 degree 4.0691
    Endemism 0.06590538
    Endemism (Non-marine) 0.069524206
    Mammals – Fritz et al 2009 - 0.5 degree 0.5124
    Migratory species (2008) 5.0 frequency
    Occurrence Density 181.35803 frequency
    Shannon Diversity (H) 2.1202173 index
    Species Richness 6.283951 frequency
    Threatened communities (2008) 0.0 frequency
    Threatened species (2008) 8.0 frequency
    Climate
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - annual mean 1.0689135
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month max 2.5046654
    2030A1BMk35M: Aridity index - month min 0.3191719
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - annual mean 95.027084 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month max 169.47 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Evaporation - month min 37.51 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.12 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.46 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.08 index
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 74.82371 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month max relative 3pm 85.37136 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Humidity - month min relative 3pm 64.57565 %
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - annual mean 74.792496 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - driest month 47.33 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.162166
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.7678279 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.6123118 mm/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.7254965
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.16140793
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.37631893
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation - wettest month 93.95 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - annual mean -20.234583 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month max -107.51 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Precipitation deficit - month min 56.44 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.95 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 14.825833 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Radiation - min month precipitation modified 5.65 MJ/m2/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual max mean 19.899166 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual min mean 9.443334 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - annual range 21.409973 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coldest month min 5.52 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - coolest month max 13.11 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in max 2.869995 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max difference in min 1.7000122 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.309998 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 10.455829 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in max -3.730011 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min difference in min -2.3599854 degrees C/day
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.4100037 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - month hottest maximum 26.93 degrees C
    2030A1BMk35M: Temperature - warmest month min 13.62 degrees C
    Aridity index - annual mean 1.2904311
    Aridity index - month max 2.889222
    Aridity index - month min 0.3447732
    Evaporation - annual mean 97.856636 (ml/5km x 5km pixel)
    Evaporation - average 17871.0 ml
    Evaporation - month max 185.85187 mm
    Evaporation - month min 30.938 mm
    Evaporation - variability 7.0 %
    Growth index C3 macrotherm plants - annual mean 0.07 index
    Growth index C3 mesotherm plants - annual mean 0.4 index
    Growth index C4 megatherm plants - annual mean 0.05 index
    Humidity - annual mean relative 84.13207 %
    Humidity - annual mean relative 3pm 74.04137 %
    Humidity - month max relative 92.06294 %
    Humidity - month max relative 3pm 84.72392 %
    Humidity - month min relative 63.51905 %
    Humidity - month min relative 3pm 63.51905 %
    Precipitation - annual 893.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (Bio12) 1004.0 mm
    Precipitation - annual (log) seasonality index -0.030132085
    Precipitation - annual mean 86.30428 mm
    Precipitation - annual seasonality -0.20375934
    Precipitation - annual seasonality ratio 0.83043164
    Precipitation - autumn 270.0 mm
    Precipitation - autumn reliability 44.0 %
    Precipitation - coldest quarter (Bio19) 290.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest month 62.076744 mm
    Precipitation - driest period (Bio14) 12.0 mm
    Precipitation - driest quarter (Bio17) 176.0 mm
    Precipitation - equinox seasonality ratio 1.1566367
    Precipitation - max difference between successive months 0.9542592 mm/day
    Precipitation - min difference between successive months -0.6030611 mm/day
    Precipitation - seasonality (Bio15) 20.0 mm
    Precipitation - solstice seasonality ratio 0.74859
    Precipitation - spring 311.0 mm
    Precipitation - spring or autumn (log) season 0.026165906
    Precipitation - spring or autumn season 0.15602222
    Precipitation - spring reliability 69.0 %
    Precipitation - summer 218.0 mm
    Precipitation - summer or winter (log) season -0.053932846
    Precipitation - summer or winter season -0.33424488
    Precipitation - summer reliability 41.0 %
    Precipitation - warmest quarter (Bio18) 183.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest month 104.84837 mm
    Precipitation - wettest period (Bio13) 25.0 mm
    Precipitation - wettest quarter (Bio16) 298.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter 302.0 mm
    Precipitation - winter reliability 77.0 %
    Precipitation deficit - annual mean -11.552348 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month max -121.77512 mm
    Precipitation deficit - month min 58.44875 mm
    Radiation - annual mean (Bio20) 14.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - coldest quarter (Bio27) 7.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - driest quarter (Bio25) 20.6 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - highest period (Bio21) 24.2 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - lowest period (Bio22) 5.3 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - max month precipitation modified 23.846163 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - mean annual precipitation modified 14.496737 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - min month precipitation modified 5.7 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - seasonality (Bio23) 46.0
    Radiation - warmest quarter (Bio26) 21.9 MJ/m2/day
    Radiation - wettest quarter (Bio24) 11.6 MJ/m2/day
    Temperature - annual max mean 17.941668 degrees C
    Temperature - annual mean (Bio01) 13.6 degrees C
    Temperature - annual min mean 7.9958334 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range 20.72284 degrees C
    Temperature - annual range (Bio07) 21.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest month min 4.24 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest period min (Bio06) 4.5 degrees C
    Temperature - coldest quarter mean (Bio11) 9.0 degrees C
    Temperature - coolest month max 11.27 degrees C
    Temperature - diurnal range mean (Bio02) 10.2 degrees C
    Temperature - driest quarter mean (Bio09) 18.2 degrees C
    Temperature - isothermality (Bio03) 0.47 %
    Temperature - max absolute mean max 39.0 degrees C
    Temperature - max difference in max 2.7600098 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max difference in min 1.6499939 degrees C/day
    Temperature - max month diurnal range 13.099976 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual absolute mean min -0.139432 degrees C
    Temperature - mean annual diurnal range 9.945834 degrees C
    Temperature - min absolute mean min -4.615968 degrees C
    Temperature - min difference in max -4.230011 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min difference in min -2.1200256 degrees C/day
    Temperature - min month diurnal range 7.01001 degrees C
    Temperature - month hottest maximum 24.79 degrees C
    Temperature - month mean absolute max 33.151894 degrees C
    Temperature - seasonality (Bio04) 1.29
    Temperature - warmest month min 12.11 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest period max (Bio05) 26.0 degrees C
    Temperature - warmest quarter (Bio10) 18.4 degrees C
    Temperature - wettest quarter mean (Bio08) 10.6 degrees C
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 0.17134355 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - annual mean 9am 0.32598364 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 0.6048447 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month max 9am 0.6048447 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 0.0 KPa
    Vapour pressure deficit - month min 9am 0.14465433 KPa
    Wind run - annual mean 194.98987 km/day
    Wind run - month max 218.75937 km/day
    Wind run - month min 168.16066 km/day
    Wind speed - annual mean 3pm 4.087829 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am 2.9935951 m/s
    Wind speed - annual mean 9am or 3pm 4.1461625 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 3pm 4.6461625 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am 3.6461627 m/s
    Wind speed - month max 9am or 3pm 4.6461625 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 3pm 3.3461628 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am 2.3 m/s
    Wind speed - month min 9am or 3pm 2.3 m/s
    WorldClim: Precipitation - annual 1096.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - coldest quarter 298.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest month 58.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - driest quarter 195.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - seasonality 19.0
    WorldClim: Precipitation - warmest quarter 195.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest month 112.0 mm
    WorldClim: Precipitation - wettest quarter 323.0 mm
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual mean 132.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - annual range 213.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest month min 41.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - coldest quarter mean 83.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - diurnal range mean 102.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - driest quarter mean 181.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - isothermality 47.0 %
    WorldClim: Temperature - seasonality 3826.0 standard deviation (degrees C * 10) * 100
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest month max 254.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - warmest quarter mean 181.0 degrees C * 10
    WorldClim: Temperature - wettest quarter mean 106.0 degrees C * 10
    Distance
    Distance - to any water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to coast 0.3 km x 100
    Distance - to non-permanent water (weighted) 0.0 degrees
    Distance - to permanent water (weighted) 0.022360679 km
    Euclidean Distance to Coast (metres) 33009.28 m
    Remoteness index 0.0
    Hydrology
    Drainage - average 2815.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Drainage - variability 49.0 %
    Runoff - average 864.0 megalitres/5x5km/year
    Water Observations From Space 0.0 Percentage
    Social
    Disadvantaged 1048.5463 points (mean=1000)
    Substrate
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - annual mean 0.786746
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    2030A1BMk35M: Crop factor - month min 0.3191719
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month max 34.90326 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month mean 4.445552 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - annual mean -0.52775586 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - annual mean 70.80714
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month max 81.0
    2030A1BMk35M: Water stress index - month min 28.725471
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - annual mean 2.9420128 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month max 21.09999 mm
    2030A1BMk35M: Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-1m Plant Available Water Capacity (250m raster) 48.0 mm
    ASRIS 0-30cm Bulk Density (250m raster) 1.3 Mg/m3
    ASRIS 0-30cm Clay Content (250m raster) 30.0 %
    Bouguer gravity anomalies -163.9042 Gal
    Bulk density 1.2233899 Mg/m^3
    Calcrete 0.0 presence
    Carbon - organic 3.1506896 %
    Carbon store pre-European 306.4755 kgC/ha
    Clay % 52.474575 %
    Crop factor - annual mean 0.807578
    Crop factor - month max 0.90000004
    Crop factor - month min 0.3892732
    Erodibility 20.0 k factor
    Erosional surfaces - proportion 100.0 %
    Erosivity 1621.0 MJ mm/ha/hr
    Hydrologic conductivity - average saturated 133.33333 mm/h
    Hydrological conductivity - uncertainty 10.0
    Lithology - age range 2.588 my
    Lithology - fertility 4.0 index
    Lithology - mean age 1.294 my
    Lithology - mean age (log) 0.11193429 log my
    Lithology - mean age range (log) 0.41296428 log my
    Magnetic anomalies 48.0 nT
    Moisture - average 58.0 %
    Moisture - variability 8.0 %
    Moisture Index - annual mean (Bio28) 0.8
    Moisture Index - coldest quarter mean (Bio35) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest period (Bio29) 1.0
    Moisture Index - highest quarter mean (Bio32) 1.0
    Moisture Index - lowest period (Bio30) 0.31
    Moisture Index - lowest quarter mean (Bio33) 0.4
    Moisture Index - seasonality (Bio31) 32.0
    Moisture Index - warmest quarter mean (Bio34) 0.47
    Nitrogen - plant-available pre-European 25500.44 kgN/ha
    Nitrogen concentration pre-European 86.39096 mgN kg/H2O
    Nitrogen store pre-European 162.8809 kgN/ha
    Nutrient status 2.0 index
    Pedality hydrological score 3.9084747
    Ph - soil 4.0 ph
    Phosphorus - plant-available pre-European 30.03112 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus - plant-available total pre-European 4809.3584 kgP/ha
    Phosphorus pre-European 15.92831 mgP kg/H2O
    Soil depth 1.3 m
    Soil pedality 3.9084747
    Soils - coarse 0.0 class
    Substrate data reliability 2.0
    Topographic wetness index 7.239844
    Unreliable water retention parameters 0.0
    Water deficit - month max 41.06186 mm
    Water deficit - month mean 5.268608 mm
    Water deficit - month min 0.0 mm
    Water holding capacity 34000.0 mm
    Water holding capacity - plant-available 173.0 mm
    Water potential - annual mean -0.47833008 MPa
    Water potential - month max -2.8643754E-14 MPa
    Water potential - month min -1.5 MPa
    Water stress index - annual mean 72.68202
    Water stress index - month max 81.0
    Water stress index - month min 35.034588
    Water surplus - annual mean 10.574036 mm
    Water surplus - month max 52.051727 mm
    Water surplus - month min 0.0 mm
    Weathering Intensity V2 3.58881 Weathering Intensity Index
    Topography
    Aspect 265.0 degrees
    Averaged Topographic Relief 412.16666 metres
    Bathymetry and Topography 9 sec 189.0 m
    Elevation 223.0 m
    Ridge top flatness 0.0
    Ridge top flatness - proportion 0.0 %
    Slope length 1000.0 m
    Topographic Slope (degrees) 2.4219606 degrees
    Topographic relief 88.57849 m
    Topographic roughness 13.39576 %
    Topographic slope (%) 6.537802 %
    Valley bottom % 0.0 %
    Valley bottom flatness index 0.0
    Vegetation
    Enhanced Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.3709 EVI
    Fraction of Photosynthetically Active Radiation (fPAR) 77.0 %
    Fractional Cover - Bare Soil (2012-03-05) 5.0 % Bare Soil
    Fractional Cover - Non-persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 13.0 % Non-persistent Vegetation
    Fractional Cover - Persistent Vegetation (2012-03-05) 82.0 % Persistent Vegetation
    Gross Primary Productivity (2012-03-13) 0.0572 kg C/m^2
    Leaf Area Index (LAI) - 2012-03-05 2.9 m^2 plant / m^2 ground
    NDVI Mean 82.0 NDVI x 100
    NPP Mean 14.0 tonnes/ha/yr
    Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (2012-03-05) 0.8148 NDVI
    Phenology peak day of year 2002 dry 258.33334 Day
    Phenology peak day of year 2012 wet 245.88889 Day
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